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(hī`kō`) or


(hoi`hou`), city (1994 est. pop. 364,700), Hainan island, capital of Hainan prov., China. A seaport on Hainan Strait, it is the largest city on the island and an agricultural and light industrial center, with food-processing establishments, textile mills, and engineering works. The opening of the island in 1982 to foreign trade and tourism stimulated the economy, but speculation led to economic setbacks in the 1990s. Haikou has an airport.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in China, in the northern part of Hainan Tao, in Kwangtung Province. Population, more than 100,000 (1970). The economic center of Hainan Tao, Haik’ou is a seaport and a high-way junction. Industry is represented by shipbuilding, ship repairing, and the manufacture of engines, agricultural implements, chemical products, rubber goods, building materials, and textiles. Haik’ou also has a food-processing industry, which produces canned goods, sugar, tea, and coconut oil.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.