Hroswitha

Hroswitha

 

(also, Hrosvitha, Roswitha). Born circa 935; died circa 975. German writer.

In her youth, Hroswitha became a nun in the monastery at Gandersheim and later became its abbess. She wrote in Latin and was the author of eight religious poems, including The Fall and Conversion of Theophilus, the oldest version of the legend of Faust. Her distinctive dramas, or comedies, which were intended for reading (Dulcitius, Callicanus, Callimachus, and others), were an attempt to ennoble the classical drama by giving it a Christian content; the works praise chastity and virtue, although in places they are very expressive in depicting earthly life. Hroswitha wrote historical chronicles in verse, a panegyric for Otto I (968; partially preserved), and a history of her monastery.

REFERENCES

Nagel, B. Hrotsvit von Gandersheim. Berlin, 1965.
Haight, A. Hroswitha of Gandersheim. New York, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yeats, had his share of the early European japonaiserie interest in Japanese classical noh, (65) The Western Chamber was "a faithful reproduction of a highly organized and subtle play that represents the impressive standards set by the Chinese theatre at a time when the naive simplicities of the nun Hroswitha were symptomatic of the only drama that remained in the Western world.
Upon hearing about Cordoba's wealth and beauty, Hroswitha of Gandersheim, a tenth-century German nun, described the Muslim city as "the ornament of the world.
Entre las religiosas femeninas se destaco Hroswitha de Gandersheim, alemana del siglo X, que escribio en latin obras de teatro destinadas a las monjas, con el fin de incentivar la lectura silenciosa, y hacer comprender y memorizar los libretos para la puesta en escena.
The inclusion of Latin material also means that there is some engagement with the works of female writers (Dhuoda, Hroswitha von Gandersheim).
Schroeder claims that the playwright depicts empowered women: "The largely impersonal institution of the state, Hroswitha implies, rests on the largely relational institution of marriage; women, by exercising their power over the latter, can help bring down the former.
John] to admit that Hroswitha may (emphasis mine) have known what she was doing can find the passage both amusing and dramatically relevant" (Schroeder 54).
The first recorded western European dramatist, also the first European woman dramatist, the canoness Hroswitha of Gandersheim, also appeared in the tenth century, and also within the Holy Roman Empire.
1) The Easter tropes and the plays of Hroswitha, however, may not be as unrelated as they appear.
The plays of Hroswitha may well be another phenomenon reflecting those policies.
The dramatic works of Hroswitha of Gandersheim, I believe, were not divorced from these early uses of performative rituals and texts to implement the policies of religious education and reform; rather they were another expression of it.
And bringing it all back to Hroswitha and Gandersheim, St Emmeram had close ties to the family of Hroswitha's abbess Gerberga.
The second of the earliest extant manuscripts of Hroswitha's writings, though in a twelfth-century hand, seems to derive from a version probably sent by Hroswitha to the monastery of St Pantaleon in Cologne.