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(shēä), semilegendary first dynasty of China, which ruled, according to traditional dates, from c.2205 B.C. to c.1766 B.C. or, according to some modern scholars, from c.1994 B.C. to c.1523 B.C. This dynasty is said to have been founded by Yu, the culture hero of China who built canals to control floods and then divided the reclaimed land. Scanty archaeological remains suggest that the people had domestic animals, wheat and millet, the potter's wheel, bronze weapons, and war chariots. The Hsia dynasty was succeeded by the ShangShang
or Yin,
dynasty of China, which ruled, according to traditional dates, from c.1766 B.C. to c.1122 B.C. or, according to some modern scholars, from c.1523 B.C. to c.1027 B.C.
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, the first historic dynasty of China.


See L. Chi, Beginnings of Chinese Civilization (1957); Chang Kwang-chi, Archaeology of Ancient China (rev. and enl. ed. 1968).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a proto-Chinese tribe that headed a union of tribes from the end of the third to the beginning of the second millennium B.C. in the region of the middle Huang Ho. The most complete and systematic information about the Hsia epoch is in Ssu-ma Ch’ien’s Historical Records. Ethnically, the Hsia tribe became part of the ancient Chinese people; the ancient Chinese referred to themselves as Hsia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's not clear why only some of us snore, Hsia says.
Hsia and Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in the Philippines Representative Michael Peiyung Hsu
I found that I could not approach Hsia's poems as cohesive pieces; instead, if I saw them cinematically, as scenes and jump cuts, I could immerse myself in the imagery.
In spite of his misunderstanding of Marxist literary theory's separation of content from form, I suggest that Fokkema's interpretation of the Talks is more valuable and more significant than Hsia's and his simple criticism of ideological control.
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Hsia's achievement on animal sciences and devotion for AAAP organization, the AAAP Award committee selected Dr.
Richard Hsia admitted that the department "didn't give enough thought as to how insurers can deal with ISO simplification vis-a-vis flex-rating," but disagreed with IIAANY's contention that the "small businessman is being hurt the most, since premium credits cannot be applied to accounts which generate less than $3,500 in premium."
Hsia's biography sheds light on the debates and personalities in the mission field--on Italian grievances against the Portuguese, for example--while making broader connections for readers with the trading and political environment of the late sixteenth century, as well as life in the higher echelons of Chinese society.
Hsia said the ministry has also instructed Taiwan's de facto ambassador to Japan, Shen Ssu-tsun, to "protest strongly" to the Japanese government and to return home in protest.
Hsia's experience as an American TV scribe is applied to a fizzy, sure-footed screenplay that weaves credible, uncontrived connections between an ensemble of roles, which seldom become overshadowed by the profusion of plots and gags.
Company president Alex Hsia said that is company would begin small-volume shipments in the first quarter to the two new clients.
Student living communities spend a lot of money on bulk video and high-speed Internet access (HSIA) services, and their managers don't always know why.