(pen name Chiahsüan). Born 1140 in Li-ch’eng, Shantung Province; died 1207. Chinese poet.
Hsin was active in the struggle against the Juchen, who conquered North China in the 12th century. He enriched the poetic tz’u genre works on civic themes; he also wrote military and political treatises. In patriotic verses, such as “The Joy of Eternal Meeting” and “The Sighs of a Water Dragon,” he called for the liberation of the North from the foreign yoke. Hsin criticized the capitulationist policy of the Southern Sung court, and as a result, he fell into disfavor. His lyrics describing landscapes and village life are characterized by freshness and originality.
WORKSChia-hsüan tz’u, parts 1–12. In Ssu pu pei yao, book 2,037. Shanghai, 1936.
Hsin Chia-hsüan shih wen ch’aots’un. Peking, 1957.
Chia-hsüan ch’ang-tuan-chü, books 1–4. Shanghai, 1959.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Translation and introductory article by M. Basmanov. Moscow, 1961.
REFERENCEST’ang Kuei-chang. Hsin Ch’i-chi. Shanghai, 1957.
Hsia Ch’eng-t’ao and Yu Chih-shui. Hsin Ch’i-chi. Peking, 1962.