(Society for the Revival of China), the first Chinese revolutionary organization; founded by Sun Yat-sen in 1894 in Honolulu, Hawaii. In 1895 the society founded chapters in Hong Kong and Canton (Kuangchou). It had no more than 300 members and no comprehensive program, but only the general goal of overthrowing the Manchu dynasty and “restoring China’s sovereignty.”
In October 1895 the Hsing-chung Hui tried to foment a revolt in Canton, but the attempt failed. In 1900 it organized an uprising in the Hueichou district of Kwangtung Province; the uprising, in which peasant members of the secret societies took part, was suppressed. In 1905 the members of the Hsing-chung Hui joined the T’ung-meng Hui, a Chinese revolutionary party.