Hu Jintao


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Hu Jintao

(ho͞o` jĭn`tou`), 1942–, Chinese political leader, b. Jixi, Anhui prov. A hydroelectric engineering graduate (1965) of Tsinghua Univ., he joined the Chinese Communist party in 1964 and worked for the ministry of water conservancy until 1974, when he transferred to the Gansu Provincial Construction Committee. Also rising in the party, he attained leadership positions in the Communist Youth League in the early 1980s, became a member of the party's central committee in 1982 (initially as an alternate), and was party leader in Guizhou (1985–88) and Tibet (1988–92), where he imposed martial law in order to suppress Tibetan nationalists. In 1992, sponsored by Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
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, he was elected to the standing committee of the party's politburo, serving as president of the party school from 1993. Hu became vice president of China in 1998 and succeeded Jiang ZeminJiang Zemin
, 1926–, Chinese government official, general secretary of the Chinese Communist party (1989–2002) and president of China (1993–2003), b. Jiangsu prov.
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 as general secretary of the Communist party in 2002 and as president of China the following year. He also became (2004) chairman of the important party and national central military commissions. As China's leader, Hu emphasized achieving sustainable economic growth that benefited rural as well as urban areas; economic reform proceeded slowly during his tenure, and state-owned enterprises strengthened their economic roles somewhat. He stepped down as party leader in 2012 and as president in 2013, and was succeeded by Xi JinpingXi Jinping
, 1953–, Chinese political leader, b. Beijing. He is the son of Xi Zhongxun (1913–2002), a founder of China's Communist guerrilla movement who served as minister of propaganda and education and then deputy premier before falling out of favor with Mao
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References in periodicals archive ?
Tibetan rights activists have blamed Hu Jintao of imposing martial law, carrying out forced deportations, mass sterilisation campaigns, and torture of dissidents, when he was the Communist Party leader of Tibet from 1988 to 1992, the BBC reports.
Hu Jintao ruled China over the last decade before leaving the Presidential post to Xi Jinping in March.
Venezuela's Communication and Information Minister Ernesto Villegas made a televised speech after the meeting, conveying the message of condolences and sympathies from Chinese President Hu Jintao to the people of Venezuela.
"As President Hu Jintao pointed out in his message of congratulations, over the past four years through concerted efforts by the two sides, China-U.S.
"The new guy has good relations with Hu Jintao and also has ties with the new incoming leader," Bill Bishop, a Beijing-based consultant and writer of the Sinocism China Newsletter, told AFP.
President Zardari held meetings with Chinese President Hu Jintao and Vice-President Xi Jinping.The President was accorded a warm welcome by Chinese President Hu when he arrived at the Great Hall of the People on Thursday.
China has invested an increasing portion of its world-leading foreign exchange reserves in euro-denominated assets, and Sarkozy said President Hu Jintao was not worried about the European currency.
Chinese President Hu Jintao has asked European governments to take steps to ensure better access to the EU market for Chinese companies during the visit to Beijing of French President Nicolas Sarkozy, on 26 August.
Chinese President Hu Jintao told his South African counterpart, Jacob Zuma, on Thursday : "South Africa and the African Union have played an important role in pushing a political solution for the Libyan issue, which shows the resolve of African countries to 'use an African method to solve an African issue,'" Hu Jintao said that China greatly appreciated the AU's role, and is willing to continue remaining in close touch and coordinate closely with South Africa and the African Union on the Libya issue." Turkey and the African Union have proposed separate road maps aimed at establishing a cease-fire and moving through stages from Libyan eader Muammar Al Qathafi quitting power to a democratic transition.
June 29, 2011 (KHARTOUM) -- The Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir on Wednesday met with his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao in Beijing and discussed the future of their relationship in light of the country's breakup that becomes official next month.
China and Ukraine signed deals worth $3.5 billion on Monday during Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit to the former Soviet republic, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich said.
Colombo, June 18 -- Visiting Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa today had bilateral talks with his Russian counterpart Dimitry Medvedev and Chinese President Hu Jintao, said the President Media office.