Hua Guofeng


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Related to Hua Guofeng: Deng Xiaoping, Zhao Ziyang

Hua Guofeng

or

Hua Kuo-feng

(both: hwä gwôfŭng), 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy premier in 1975. As Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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's designated heir, he became premier following Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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's death (Jan., 1976) and chairman of the Chinese Communist party when Mao died (Sept., 1976). Responsible for the arrest (Oct., 1976) of the Gang of Four, which was led by Jiang QingJiang Qing
or Chiang Ch'ing
, 1914–91, Chinese Communist political leader, wife of Mao Zedong. Born Li Jinhai or Li Shumeng, she was later known as Li Yunhe and Li He and changed her name to Lan Ping in 1938 when beginning an acting career, joining the Communist
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, Mao's wife, Hua was nonetheless a transitional leader and was soon eased out of power by Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
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. He was replaced by Zhao ZiyangZhao Ziyang
or Chao Tzu-yang
, 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and by the 1960s was party secretary of Guangdong prov.
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 as premier in 1980, and by Hu YaobangHu Yaobang
, 1915–89, Chinese Communist political leader, b. Hunan prov. A protegé of Deng Xiaoping, Hu became general secretary of the Communist party in 1980 and party chairman in 1981, effectively replacing Hua Guofeng as leader of the Communist party.
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 as party chairman in 1981. Hua resigned from the Politburo in 1982 but remained a member of the party's Central Committee until 1997.
References in periodicals archive ?
First, although Hua Guofeng was nominally the head of the party until the 1982 12th Party Congress, he had lost his political influence by that point (Baum 1994,132).
One such story says that the Chinese musician Nie Er did not drown but was murdered by some pro-Japanese thugs; another holds that Hua Guofeng was Mao's illegitimate son.
In Shenfan, Hinton wrote approvingly of the arrest of the gang of four by the combined forces of Deng and Hua Guofeng in 1976.
They were arrested for treason by Mao's successor Hua Guofeng and put on trial.
The death of Mao and the arrest of the Gang of Four, which permitted policy adjustments under Hua Guofeng and paved the way for Deng's reemergence, were not trivial events.
When Hua Guofeng ended the Cultural Revolution, however, Wang was arrested and labeled the fourth member of the Gang of Four.
Deng was not able to seize power right away, though, and Mao was replaced by Hua Guofeng, a middle-of-the-road compromiser, who was eventually edged aside by Deng in December 1978.
In 1976, Hua Guofeng appeared to succeed in assuming the top leadership position after Mao, but was outmaneuvered and forced from power by Deng Xiaoping by late 1978 after failing to consolidate power.
Near the end, Mao anointed a recently elevated security specialist, Hua Guofeng, as his successor, allegedly saying, "With you in charge I am at ease.
The book's strength lies in disentangling elite factional polities by analyzing the different bases of power of the key political players-Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Lin Biao, and the Gang of Four (which included Mao's wife, Jiang Qing), Hua Guofeng Mao's last designated successor), and Deng Xiaoping.
That honorific has been bestowed on only two others since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949: Mao and his short-lived successor, Hua Guofeng.
amp;nbsp; When Mao Zedong died, his appointed non-relative successor Hua Guofeng lacked political clout and could not continue his policies.