Huaca Prieta

Huaca Prieta

 

the remains of a settlement dating from the second half of the third and the first half of the second millennium B.C., situated at the mouth of the Chicama River on the coast of Peru. Excavations have uncovered the remains of small subterranean dwellings, stone implements, and fragments of cloth and fishing nets. Pottery was not yet known. Also found were early examples of ancient Peruvian art: depictions of human beings, condors, snakes, and crabs carved on gourds or woven in cloth. Fishing and gathering were the chief occupations of the inhabitants. Evidence of the cultivation of cotton, gourds, squash, chili peppers, and beans was found in Huaca Prieta, the first known example of plant cultivation in a culture ignorant of pottery. Remains have been discovered on the Peruvian coast that belong to the same culture as that of Huaca Prieta.

REFERENCES

Berezkin, Iu. E. “Nachalo zemledeliia na peruanskom poberezh’e.” Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1969, no. 1.
Bird, J. B. “Pre-ceramic Cultures in Chicama and Virú.” In A Reappraisal of Peruvian Archaeology. Assembled by W. C. Bennett. (Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, no. 4.) Menasha, Wis., 1948.
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Some of those artifacts, found at a prehistoric settlement in Peru called Huaca Prieta, are 15,000 years old and include handwoven baskets, stone tools and what's left of meals made from marine- and land-based foods, with burnt and cut bones that are signs of cooking with fire, a study in the journal (http://advances.
Chemical analyses of fabric unearthed at Huaca Prieta, an ancient site on Peru's northern coast, unveiled the presence of indigo dye roughly 1,600 years before this fabric coloring showed up in Egypt, the team reports September 14 in Science Advances.
The new discovery joins other "firsts" at Huaca Prieta, says archaeologist Daniel Sandweiss of the University of Maine in Orono.
Agua Blanca, Machalilla, Valdivia, Real Alto, El Encanto (in Ecuador); Huaca de los Reyes, Huaca Prieta, Huaca Negra, Los Morteros, Las Aldas, Culebras, Huarmey, Aspero, Huancho, Rio Seco, Garay, Ancon, El Paraiso, La Florida, Mina Perdida, La Paloma, Culebras, Salinas de Chao, Alto de Salaverry, La Esmeralda, Piedra Parada, Kotosh, Chilca y Asia (in Peru) are just some of the settlements which show evidence of agricultural use.
In this phase we see something which Childe termed an "Agricultural Revolution" in describing the Asiatic World of the Near East, with remains such as Valdivia and Real Alto in the Santa Elena peninsula, in Ecuador, and in other remains such as Huaca Prieta in northern Peru.
An example of the second epoch is the magnificent centre of Huaca Prieta en the Chicama Valley, north of Trujillo (Peru), excavated by Junius Bird in 1946, who found a mound, formed mainly by rubbish over more than a millenium, with the remains of 100 dwellings, circa 2,500 B.
The importance of Huaca Prieta must have been tremendous.
Their settlements, however, never reached the level of development which we have seen in Huaca Prieta or Aspero (Tello 1979).
There are settlements of Chavin impact in Batan Grande and Huaca Lucia (Valle de la Leche), Huaca Prieta, (Valle de Chicama), Pucuri and Cerro Blanco (Valle de Nepena) Mojeque (Valle de Casma), Sechin alto, Las Aldas, Ancon, Mina Pacopampa and La Copa (Cajamarca) (Bonavia op.
1963 "Preceramic Art from Huaca Prieta, Chicama Valley," Nawpa Pacha, Vol.
1985 "The Preceramic excavation at Huaca Prieta, Chicama Valley, Peru," in J.