Scarborough Shoal

(redirected from Huangyan Island)

Scarborough Shoal,

lagoon and reefs, South China Sea, c.135 mi (220 km) W of Luzon, the Philippines. Claimed by China, the Philippines, and Taiwan, it is called Huangyan Island by China and Panatag Shoal by the Philippines. The surrounding waters have rich fishing grounds, and the seabed is believed to hold substantial mineral resources, including petroleum and natural gas. Numerous Chinese fishermen were arrested there by the Philippines, and the area was the site of a naval standoff between China and the Philippines in May, 2012. Since then, China has maintained control of the area. In 2016 the Hague Tribunal ruled that China's claims to the South China Sea and Scarborough Shoal were not justified, and the Philippine rights in the area had been violated. It also ruled that the shoal did not meet the criteria that would permit the claiming of a exclusive economic zone.
References in periodicals archive ?
China's foreign ministry said USS Hopper missile destroyer came within 12 nautical miles of Huangyan Island, which is also known as Scarborough Shoal and subject to a rival claim by the Philippines.
China calls the shoal Huangyan Island, a disputed rock outcrop in the West Philippine Sea, part of the South China Sea claimed by the Philippines as well as China.
warship entered waters surrounding Huangyan Island in the South China Sea.
China, in a statement issued by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei last April 24, did not deny that the incidents took place but emphasised that its coast guard are just carrying out "guard duties and keep order in waters off the Huangyan Island in accordance with the law.
China's official Xinhua News Agency quoted the Chinese foreign ministry as saying that "the Philippines' attempt to carry out so-called law enforcement activities in the waters of Huangyan Island [Scarborough Shoal] has infringed upon China's sovereignty, and runs counter to the consensus reached by both sides on maintaining the peace and stability in the South China Sea" (Thai News Service Group 2012, 1).
Though China has formally opted out of compulsory jurisdiction for maritime boundaries and military activities, as permitted under UNCLOS, the Philippines has filed a claim under UNCLOS to Scarborough Shoal (known as Huangyan Island in China).
Eight centuries ago, during the Yuan dynasty, Beijing sent some officials to conduct a survey at Huangyan Island (Scarborough Shoal).
In the South China Sea, a Philippine warship entered waters off Huangyan Island with "protecting sovereignty" as an excuse to harass Chinese fishermen who were taking shelter in a lagoon during a storm in April 2012.
China, for example, refers to the Paracel Islands as the Xisha islands, to the Spratly Islands as the Nansha islands, to Scarborough Shoal as Huangyan island, and to the Senkaku Islands as the Diaoyu islands.
He stresses the Chinese view that Huangyan Island belongs to China and hopes that the Philippine side will not escalate tensions without considering the consequences.
Premier Wen Jiabao said that Huangyan Island is China's territory and there have been no disputes," Fu said, referring to the Scarborough Shoal disputed between Beijing and Manila.
The shoal, which the Philippines calls Panatag or Bajo de Masinloc and which China calls Huangyan Island, is located 124 nautical miles from the Philippine main island of Luzon compared with 472 nautical miles from China's closest major land body, Hainan Island.