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volcano, 15,912 ft (4,850 m) high, Moquegua region, S Peru, in the central AndesAndes
, mountain system, more than 5,000 mi (8,000 km) long, W South America. The ranges run generally parallel to the Pacific coast and extend from Tierra del Fuego northward, across the equator, as the backbone of the entire continent.
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. A stratovolcano, it lies on the W rim of the Río Tambo canyon and has several ash cones within its crater. On Feb. 19, 1600, it erupted catastrophically, with severe local and global consequences. Pyroclastic flows, mudflows, and ashfall from the volcano destroyed villages, damaged Arequipa and Moquegua, killed some 1,500 persons, and adversely affected the regional economy for decades. The sulfur dioxide released into the atmosphere formed sulfuric acid droplets, which prevented significant quantities of sunlight from reaching the earth's surface. The global cooling that resulted led to extremely cold winters in the Northern Hemisphere during the next two years, and from 1601 to 1603 Russia suffered the worst famine in its history.
References in periodicals archive ?
Globaalse mojuga oli naiteks Huaynaputina vulkaanipurse Louna-Ameerikas 1600.
Global influence of the AD 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, Peru.
We know that several volcanoes including Huaynaputina, Peru, erupted at this time (Simkin et al.
16) how dust from the eruption of Huaynaputina, well south of the equator, in 1600 could affect only the Northern Hemisphere.
The 1600 volcanic eruption of Huaynaputina in Peru had a global impact on human society, according to a study of contemporary records by geologists at the University of California, Davis.
Now, however, analyses by Verosub and colleague Jake Lippman suggest a connection between the 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, a little-known peak in Peru, and one of the greatest famines ever to strike Russia.
In February 1600, Huaynaputina, a relatively inconspicuous peak in southern Peru with no known history of eruption--in the local language, the name means "new volcano"--catastrophically exploded.
As many volcanic eruptions do, Huaynaputina lofted immense amounts of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere.
Several studies indicate that the sulfur dioxide emissions from Huaynaputina were roughly comparable to those of Tambora.
Through a chance meeting on an airplane, Verosub found that Huaynaputina may have triggered substantial social upheaval as well.
5(*) 1660 1660 Katla, Teon, Pinchincha 3xVEI 4 1640 1640 Crete 1601 1600 Huaynaputina VEI ?
Nor do they mention San Genaro, adopted as a patron of the city Arequipa after the disastrous eruption of Huaynaputina volcano in 1600: members of Arequipa's town council called for the protection of San Genaro, former Bishop of Benevento in the kingdom of Naples, because of his activities at the time of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (Barriga 1951: 145-7).