Huaynaputina


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Huaynaputina,

volcano, 15,912 ft (4,850 m) high, Moquegua region, S Peru, in the central AndesAndes
, mountain system, more than 5,000 mi (8,000 km) long, W South America. The ranges run generally parallel to the Pacific coast and extend from Tierra del Fuego northward, across the equator, as the backbone of the entire continent.
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. A stratovolcano, it lies on the W rim of the Río Tambo canyon and has several ash cones within its crater. On Feb. 19, 1600, it erupted catastrophically, with severe local and global consequences. Pyroclastic flows, mudflows, and ashfall from the volcano destroyed villages, damaged Arequipa and Moquegua, killed some 1,500 persons, and adversely affected the regional economy for decades. The sulfur dioxide released into the atmosphere formed sulfuric acid droplets, which prevented significant quantities of sunlight from reaching the earth's surface. The global cooling that resulted led to extremely cold winters in the Northern Hemisphere during the next two years, and from 1601 to 1603 Russia suffered the worst famine in its history.
References in periodicals archive ?
400 years for long-distance dispersal and divergence in the northern Atacama desert e Insights from the Huaynaputina pumice slopes of Moquegua, Peru.
(e) Huaynaputina, Peru, February 1600, VEI 6 (16.6S, 70.8[degrees]W).
16) how dust from the eruption of Huaynaputina, well south of the equator, in 1600 could affect only the Northern Hemisphere.
The 1600 volcanic eruption of Huaynaputina in Peru had a global impact on human society, according to a study of contemporary records by geologists at the University of California, Davis.
400 years for long-distance dispersal and divergence in the northern Atacama desert--Insights from the Huaynaputina pumice slopes of Moquegua, Peru.