(ho͝o`blē-där`vär), city (1991 pop. 648,298), Karnataka (formerly Mysore) state, SW India. It is located on the main Mumbai-Bengaluru railway and highway. The cities of Hubli (renamed in 2014) and Dharwad (also known as Dharwar), 13 mi (21 km) apart, were incorporated as one city in 1961. Dharwad is the district administrative center for a rice- and cotton-growing area. Hubballi is a trade and transportation center, with cotton and silk factories, railway workshops, and a major newspaper industry. It is built around an 11th-century Hindu stone temple. Dharwad grew up around a fort thought to have been built in the early 15th cent. by an officer of the Hindu king of VijayanagarVijayanagar
[Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north.
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. The area was captured by the Mughals in 1685 and by the MarathasMarathas
or Mahrattas
, Marathi-speaking people of W central India, known for their ability as warriors and their devotion to Hinduism. From their homeland in Maharashtra their chieftains rose to power in the 17th cent.
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 in 1753. Haidar AliHaidar Ali
or Hyder Ali
, 1722–82, Indian ruler. A Muslim of peasant stock, he rose by military brilliance to command the army of the Hindu state of Mysore.
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, ruler of Mysore, occupied the area from 1778 to 1791; it then returned to Maratha rule until being ceded to the British in 1818. There are many colleges in the metropolitan area, making it an education center for S India.
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The Kalasa-Banduri Nala diversion project is being undertaken by Karnataka to improve drinking water supply to the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad and the districts of Belagavi and Gadag.
WASHINGTON: The World Bank will support the efforts of Hubballi-Dharwad, the second largest urban centre in Karnataka, to become one of the first Indian cities to provide citywide, continuous, piped water supply to its residents.
A majority of the journalists are from the Hubballi-Dharwad region and the CID has issued notice to five of them to appear for questioning in Bengaluru between August 19 and 21.
Siddaramaiah also presented Karnataka's claim in the river body, "I may clarify that the State of Karnataka has claimed 14.98 TMC out of the dependable flow of 199 TMC at 75% dependability (as estimated by the CWC in 2003) which includes drinking water needs in Hubballi-Dharwad, etc of 7.56 TMC (cleared by the Central Government in 2003) and 7 TMC out of the surplus flow for drought-prone areas etc in the Malaprabha basin."