Hubli-Dharwad(ho͝o`blē-där`vär), city (1991 pop. 648,298), Karnataka (formerly Mysore) state, SW India. It is located on the main Mumbai-Bengaluru railway and highway. The cities of Hubli (renamed in 2014) and Dharwad (also known as Dharwar), 13 mi (21 km) apart, were incorporated as one city in 1961. Dharwad is the district administrative center for a rice- and cotton-growing area. Hubballi is a trade and transportation center, with cotton and silk factories, railway workshops, and a major newspaper industry. It is built around an 11th-century Hindu stone temple. Dharwad grew up around a fort thought to have been built in the early 15th cent. by an officer of the Hindu king of VijayanagarVijayanagar
[Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north.
..... Click the link for more information. . The area was captured by the Mughals in 1685 and by the MarathasMarathas
, Marathi-speaking people of W central India, known for their ability as warriors and their devotion to Hinduism. From their homeland in Maharashtra their chieftains rose to power in the 17th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1753. Haidar AliHaidar Ali
or Hyder Ali
, 1722–82, Indian ruler. A Muslim of peasant stock, he rose by military brilliance to command the army of the Hindu state of Mysore.
..... Click the link for more information. , ruler of Mysore, occupied the area from 1778 to 1791; it then returned to Maratha rule until being ceded to the British in 1818. There are many colleges in the metropolitan area, making it an education center for S India.