Hucbald

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Hucbald

(hŭk`bôld), c.840–930, Flemish monk, composer and writer, formerly thought to be the author of the Musica enchiriadis (see polyphonypolyphony
, music whose texture is formed by the interweaving of several melodic lines. The lines are independent but sound together harmonically. Contrasting terms are homophony, wherein one part dominates while the others form a basically chordal accompaniment, and monophony,
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). He wrote a musical treatise, De institutione harmonica, but he is more important as a biographer of saints.
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Sullivan, a musicologist associated with the UCLA Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, considers the ancient origins of the association between speech and music and statements of structural similarity between them in ninth-century music handbooks and treatises--Aurelian of RA[c]A[acute accent]me's Musica disciplina, Hucbald of St. Amand's Musica, and the anonymous Musica enchiriadis and Scolica enchiriadis--and the implications of the use of this traditional association by ninth-century Carolingian scholars in their efforts to investigate the essential nature of music, to identify the fundamental principles that govern its appearances, and to apply those principles to the study and practice of contemporary liturgical music.
Part 2, "The Synthesis of Ancient Greek Theory and Medieval Practice," opens with a discussion of two theorists already mentioned, Hucbald of St. Amand and Regino of Prum (chap.