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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae. The body is elongated, and the head laterally compressed. The vomer is short, and the vomerine and palatine teeth form a continuous arch. Covered with small scales, the body features small X-shaped and crescent-shaped black spots.

Members of the genus Hucho are large predatory fish. There are three species in the USSR: the Danube salmon (Hucho hucho), the taimen (Hucho taimen), and the Sakhalin taimen (Hucho perryi). The Danube salmon, which measures as much as 1.5 m in length and weighs as much as 52 kg (usually 2–4 kg), inhabits rivers of the Danube basin. It spawns in spring on gravelly soil, and the eggs hatch in approximately 35 days; the fish is bred artificially. The taimen measures as much as 2 m in length and weighs as much as 80 kg. It is encountered in rivers from the upper courses of the Volga and Pechora to the Amur. It spawns in spring in small submontane river tributaries. The female deposits 10,000–34,000 eggs. The Sakhalin taimen measures approximately 1 m in length and weighs as much as 30 kg. It inhabits rivers of Sakhalin and the southern Primor’e. Hucho has little commercial value.

In Russian, the salmon trout (Salmo trutta), an Atlantic salmon, is also referred to as taimen’.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Huchi" and "Hucho" were huge gourds for storing milk and lassi respectively.
Effects of dietary phosphorus on growth, body composition and immunity of young taimen Hucho taimen (Pallas, 1773).
[21.] Formicki K, Szulc J, Tanski A, Korzelecka-Orkisz A, Witkowski A, Kwiatkowski P The effect of static magnetic field on Danube huchen, Hucho hucho (L.) sperm motility parameters.
lenok tsinlingensis is thought to be a glacial relict, as one of the southernmost Salmonidae species (the other one is Hucho bleekeri) (Li, 1984; Yue and Chen, 1998).
Hucho, Aerodynamics of Road Vehicles: From Fluid Mechanics to Vehicle Engineering, Elsevier Science, 2013.
Pichugin & Sidorov (2006) described for the Sakhalin taimen Hucho perryi (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae: Salmoninae) the meristic characters of two types of gill rakers (small rakers and large scrapers) from the lower, middle and upper part of the arch, noting strong differences in their form and size.
Hucho, "Aerodynamics of road vehicles: from fluid mechanics to vehicle engineering," Butterworths, vol.
Hucho, "Regulation of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex by [Mg.sup.2+] and the adenine nucleotide pool," European Journal of Biochemistry, vol.
[54.] Goswami C, Hucho T (2008) Submembraneous microtubule cytoskeleton: biochemical and functional interplay of TRP channels with the cytoskeleton.
australis, are consistent with findings reported by studies with Hucho perryi (Amer et al., 2001); Clupeapallasii (Koya et al., 2002); Verasper variegatus (Koya et al., 2003) and Solea senegalensis (Garcia-Lopez et al., 2006), where 11-KT was the most influential androgen for the spermatogenesis stage.