Gaitskell, Hugh Todd Naylor

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Gaitskell, Hugh Todd Naylor

(gāt`skəl), 1906–63, British statesman. Educated at Oxford, he taught economics at the Univ. of London. During World War II he was a civil servant in the new ministry of economic warfare (1940–42) and in the Board of Trade (1942–45). He entered Parliament as a Labour member in 1945 and served as minister of fuel and power (1947–50) and chancellor of the exchequer (1950–51). In 1955 he succeeded Clement Attlee as leader of the Labour party. After Labour's defeat in the 1959 general election, Gaitskell supported some moderation of party policies. At the party conference of 1960 the left wing of the party defeated him on the issue of unilateral nuclear disarmament, which he opposed, but he had recovered his authority in the party by the time of his premature death.

Bibliography

See his diaries (1983); biography by P. Williams (1982).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gaitskell, Hugh Todd Naylor

 

Born Apr. 9, 1906, in London; died there Jan. 18, 1963. British political figure.

In 1927, Gaitskell graduated from Oxford University. He taught political economy at London University. In 1945 he was elected to Parliament, and from 1947 to 1951 he was a member of the government. After 1955 he was the leader of the Labour Party and, after 1957, vice-president of the Socialist International. He held the views of the right wing of the Labour Party. He advocated the theory of “democratic socialism” and “harmony of the classes,” and he opposed working with the Communists. In the field of foreign policy, he supported the principle of peaceful coexistence and at the same time favored strengthening the aggressive NATO bloc.

N. V. MATKOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To paraphrase Hugh Gaitskell, this gutter politician will lie and lie and lie again to save the power he loves.
What a year 1963 was with many newsworthy events which included the Kennedy assassination, the Profumo scandal, the death of Hugh Gaitskell and the election of Harold Wilson as leader of the Labour Party (in 1964 he would become Prime Minister).
answers WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN: Virginia Woolf; Mallet; North Yorkshire; 1968 REMEMBER WHEN: 1963 IMPOSSIPUZZLES: The number was 51 WORDWISE: A WHO AM I: Hugh Gaitskell 10 QUESTIONS: 1 Great North Museum: Hancock, 2 Pigeon Street, 3 George IV, 4 The Ministry of Justice, 5 Racquets, 6 Antelope, 7 Banknotes, 8 Finlandisation, 9 Performing arts, 10 The Shields Ferry vessels
At the 1962 Labour conference, Hugh Gaitskell set out a powerful argument against the UK's entry into the Common Market.
1906: Labour politician Hugh Gaitskell was born in London.
A Harold Wilson B Jim Callaghan C Ramsay Macdonald D Hugh Gaitskell 11.
She sought to exploit divisions in the Labour party, claiming she could see "the heirs of Hugh Gaitskell and Barbara Castle, Denis Healey and John Smith", in today's Labour party -- but not on the frontbench.
The Tories, under Harold Macmillan, increased their Parliamentary majority over Hugh Gaitskell's Labour party to 101 seats.
Changed plans avoided mine boycott A THREAT by more than 2,000 miners to boycott today's visit of Hugh Gaitskell, Minister of Fuel and Power, to Penallta Colliery, Ystrad Mynach, was averted by a last-minute change in the tour programme, with the minister inspecting the No 1 Pit instead of No 2.
Who was the leader of the British Labour Party after Hugh Gaitskell? 23.
Among the photos are images of then Chancellor of the Exchequer Hugh Gaitskell and his wife, Anna Dora Gaitskell, arriving by train to visit the plant in July 1951.