Hughes, William Morris

Hughes, William Morris,

1862–1952, Australian statesman, b. England. He emigrated in 1884 and after a varied career entered the New South Wales legislature (1894) and, with confederation, the first federal Parliament (1901). In 1904 he became minister for external affairs in the first Labour government and later was attorney general (1908–9, 1910–13, 1914–21). As prime minister of the commonwealth (1915–23), he gave great support to the British throughout World War I and upheld the position of Australia at the Paris Peace Conference. He held many cabinet posts during the 1930s and was (1940–41) minister of the navy. His writings include Splendid Adventure: A Review of Empire Relations (1929) and Policies and Potentates (1950).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hughes, William Morris

 

Born Sept. 25, 1864, in London; died Oct. 28, 1952, in Sydney. Australian statesman.

Hughes emigrated to Australia in 1884. He took part in the labor movement and was elected to the House of Representatives of the newly established Australian parliament in 1901. Hughes belonged to the first Labor government in 1904 and to a number of subsequent ones (1908–09, 1910–13, 1914–17). He was prime minister from 1915 to 1923 and advocated active Australian involvement in World War I.

Hughes’ policies, particularly his unsuccessful attempt to introduce military conscription, led to a split in the Labor Party; the party’s right wing, which he headed, joined the liberals in 1917 to form the Nationalist Party. From 1917, Hughes headed the government as leader of the Nationalist Party. From 1934 to 1941 he held a series of ministerial posts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?