Hugo Junkers

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Hugo Junkers
BirthplaceRheydt, Germany
EducationTechnical University of Berlin

Junkers, Hugo


Born Feb. 3, 1859, in Rheydt; died Feb. 3, 1935, in Gauting. German aircraft designer and industrialist.

Junkers studied at technical institutes in Barmen, Berlin, Karlsruhe, and Aachen, graduating from the last in 1883 and specializing in heat engineering. In 1895 he founded his own gas equipment plant in Dessau, which became Junkers & Co. in 1917. From 1897 to 1912 he was a professor at the Rhine-Westphalia Technische Hochschule in Aachen. In 1910, Junkers began his work in aviation and obtained a patent on a design for a flying wing; in 1912 he constructed a wind tunnel. In 1915 and 1916 he manufactured the first all-metal airplanes with cantilever wings: the steel J 1 monoplane, the J 4 Duralumin, armor-plated ground-attack biplane, and the J 9 fighter plane. In 1919, Junkers, in collaboration with O. Reuter, designed the first all-Duralumin, six-seat, low-wing passenger plane (F 13), which was widely used in many countries, including the USSR. In later years Junkers’ firm built sports and transport planes, such as the G 38 and Ju 90, and diesel aircraft engines, production of which began in 1929.

In the early 1930’s, Junkers’ firm came under state control and manufactured mostly military planes, such as the Ju 86, Ju 87 and Ju 88, and engines. After World War II Junkers’ military complex was liquidated, and the remaining enterprises were incorporated into the Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blom concern.


Kleiber, B. Samolety Iunkersa. Berlin, 1926.


References in periodicals archive ?
Hugo Junkers endured that precarious relationship, helped pave a definitive path for German aviation, and did it while remaining beholden--albeit precariously--to the Junkers model.
On the site of the Museum of Technology "Hugo Junkers" are located next to the exhibition hall, a historic wind tunnel, a small round arched hall and another functional building.The buildings on the property are complemented by various exhibits of the Museum of Technology.The content of the tender (Part 2) is the corresponding planning The historic wind tunnel, the functional building and the currently under construction small round arch hall remain out of consideration.
On the grounds of the Museum of Technology "Hugo Junkers" are next to the exhibition hall, a historic wind tunnel, a small round arched hall and another functional building.
Hugo Junkers, the German aviation pioneer who founded Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG in Dessau, Germany, was an enthusiastic advocate of all-metal aircraft in the days of wood and fabric flying machines.
The Event Hangar ME[micro]nchengladbach GmbH builds up at the beginning of 2015 the ME[micro]nchengladbach Airport "Hugo Junkers hangar".
The central idea of ??the project is to provide an airworthy Ju 52 present in the birthplace of their inventor Hugo Junkers as a tourist attraction in a unique event venue at ME[micro]nchengladbach Airport.