Hugo Kollataj

Kołłątaj, Hugo

 

Born Apr. 1, 1750, in Derkaly Wielkie, Volyn’; died Feb. 28, 1812, in Warsaw. Polish public figure, man of letters, publicist, and representative of the Polish Enlightenment. Doctor of philosophy (1768) and doctor of law (1770). Of small gentry origin.

From 1776 to 1786, KoƗƗątaj was active in the Commission for National Education and directed the reform of the University of Kraków with the aim of making education more secular. Between 1788 and 1792 he participated in the Four Years’ Sejm, where he helped draft the Constitution of May 3,1791, and other progressive legislative acts. After the reactionary Targowica Confederation triumphed in 1792, he emigrated to Saxony. During the Polish Uprising of 1794 he was a member of the Supreme National Council and headed the radical republican faction known as the Hugonists. KoƗƗątaj helped prepare the Manifesto of March 24 and the Polaniec Manifesto of 1794. From 1794 to 1802 he was imprisoned in the Austrian fortress at Olmütz (Olomouc). Between 1802 and 1806 he lived in Volyn’, where he founded a lycée at Krzemieniec, and in 1807–08 he lived in Moscow.

KoƗƗątaj was the author of scholarly works on history, political economy, the theory of law, and pedagogy. He advocated the bourgeois transformation of Poland’s social and political structure and opposed serfdom. A well-known representative of metaphysical materialism, KoƗƗątaj helped propagate rationalist views in Poland and combatted the dominant influence of theology.

WORKS

Wybór pism politicznych. Wroclaw [1952].
Wybór pism naukowych. [Warsaw] 1953.

REFERENCE

Leśnodorski, B. Polscy jakobini. [Warsaw] 1960.

A. L. GOL’DBERG

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract awarded for Insurance service of the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow
In the late eighteenth century a cohort of people, such as Stanislaw Konarski, Hugo Kollataj, and the Czartoryski family, sought to strengthen the power of the central government at the expense of individual rights.
Tenders are invited for renovation works in the jubilee building of the agricultural university of hugo kollataj in krakow
Hugo kollataj in pinczw, - poviat center for culture of tourism and recreation in pinczw, - poviat road administration in pinczw, - special education center in pinczw, - health care team in pinczw, - vocational school complex in pinczw as well as their organizational units, Which are indicated in appendix no.
Tenders are invited for insurance service of the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow
Contract awarded for Construction of a lift for the disabled in the building of the faculty of biotechnology and horticulture of the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow, located at al.
Contract awarded for Printing services for the needs of organizational units of the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: Supply and installation of laboratory equipment for the institute of chemistry at the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: Delivery of liquid chromatograph hplc for the department of refrigeration and food concentrates of the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow (poland-krakow: Laboratory, Optical and precision equipments (excl.
Contract award notice: Supply and installation of laboratory equipment in the field of spectrometry for the institute of plant biology and biotechnology of the plant nutrition department of the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow (poland-krakow: Spectrometers)
Hugo kollataj in krakow, Hereinafter referred to as reagents.
Contract award notice: Delivery and installation of a cabin prototype with a mobile laboratory sprayer for the department of agrotechnology and agricultural ecology at the university of agriculture hugo kollataj in krakow