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see Zen BuddhismZen Buddhism,
Buddhist sect of China and Japan. The name of the sect (Chin. Ch'an, Jap. Zen) derives from the Sanskrit dhyana [meditation]. In China the school early became known for making its central tenet the practice of meditation, rather than adherence
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JeeLoo Liu asserts that the key difference between the two verses is that Shen-Xiu propounds on gradual enlightenment while Hui-Neng supports spontaneous enlightenment (Liu 307-8).
Inventing Hui-neng, the sixth Patriarch; hagiography and biography in early Ch'an.
Hui-Neng, the sixth and final patriarch of the Chan tradition, who claimed to have achieved satori upon hearing a recitation of the Diamond Sutra, offers an astute commentary on these four lakshana, on these four seductions of sanjna.
A particularly vivid example of this tradition of direct transmission, which evokes the Gnostic mode of secret transmission, is found in The Sutra of Hui-Neng, where the Sixth Patriarch describes how the dharma (the teachings) was passed to him by the Fifth Patriarch Jung-jen.