Hukbalahap


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Hukbalahap

(Huk) (ho͝ok'bälähäp`), Communist-led guerrilla movement in the Philippines. It developed during World War II as a guerrilla army to fight the Japanese; the name is a contraction of a Tagalog phrase meaning "People's Anti-Japanese Army." After the war the army openly declared its Communist orientation, and launched an armed revolt against the Philippine government. The Huk's emphasis on land reform attracted many peasants, especially in central Luzon. The movement was also strong on Panay. By 1950 some five provinces were under virtual Huk control and the Philippine government launched a vigorous military campaign against them. After the Huk leader Luis Taruc voluntarily surrendered in 1954, the movement died out. The need for land reform continued, however, and in the late 1960s the Hukbalahaps became active again. In Aug., 1969, President Marcos launched a military campaign against them, and Huk activities ceased in late 1970. Other Communist groups, however, have continued guerrilla activities.

Hukbalahap

 

(acronym for the Tagalog name “Hukbo ng Bayan Laban Sa Hapon” [Anti-Japanese People’s Army]), a popular army created in the Philippines on Mar. 29, 1942, from partisan detachments and led by the Communist Party. As of late 1944 the Hukbalahap numbered approximately 10,000 troops, mainly peasants from central and southern Luzon. The army fought against the Japanese occupying forces, the Filipino collaborationist landowners, and the police of the puppet regime.

After the surrender of the Japanese in World War II in September 1945, the Hukbalahap voluntarily disbanded, and the veterans of the army formed the Hukbalahap Veterans’ League. After the Philippines were declared independent in 1946, the league pushed for democratic agrarian reforms. In response to repression by the authorities, Hukbalahap detachments were formed once again. In an attempt to reach a peaceful solution to the questions at issue, the Hukbalahap leaders and the government held talks in 1946 and 1947. When the negotiations proved fruitless, the Communist Party assumed the leadership of an armed struggle against the government. The Hukbalahap was reorganized and renamed the People’s Liberation Army. By the end of 1952 the main forces of the army had been defeated by the government troops and dispersed.

G. I. LEVINSON

References in periodicals archive ?
For a detailed discussion on the counterinsurgency employed against the Huks, see Greenberg, The Hukbalahap Insurrection.
196; Lawrence Greenberg, The Hukbalahap Insurrection: A Case Study of a Successful Anti-Insurgency Operation in the Philippines, 1946-1955 (Washington: US Army Center of Military History, 1987), pp.
A number of films dealing with the Hukbalahap Rebellion were
The Hukbalahap insurgency in the Southern Luzon region had taken a turn for the worse and the main focus of the Armed Forces of the Philippines was to bring the situation under control.
Singson cited Quirino as a man of compassion for forgiving the Japanese soldiers and giving amnesty to Hukbalahap during his term as president.
Neither party leader Jose Maria Sison nor New People's Army head Bernabe Buscayno are given separate entries, although Hukbalahap leader and later Marcos apologist Luis Taruc has an entry of his own.
Magsaysay's emissary who secured the unconditional surrender of Luis Taruc, the leader of the Hukbalahap rebel group.
The Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas was established in 1930 and joined in the resistance to the Japanese Occupation with the Hukbalahap.
Her father, Amando, had been a local peasant leader in the 1930s and was killed in 1944 in an battle between Japanese forces and a local group of the Hukbalahap guerrillas.
In the absence of a stove, empty cans were used by the Hukbalahap, a postwar communist guerrilla movement formed by the peasant farmers of Central Luzon.
Above all, he cofounded and led the most successful resistance movement against the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II, the Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (People's Army Against the Japanese), or Hukbalahap.
After the capture of leaders of the Communist Party of the Philippines and the SPP, Taruc and other leaders organized Hukbalahap in Mt.