Jane Addams

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Jane Addams
BirthplaceCedarville, Illinois, U.S.
Social and political activist, author and lecturer, community organizer, public intellectual
Education Bachelor of Social Work (BA, BSc or BSW) degree Socionom Master of Social Work degree (MA, MSc or MSW) Doctor of Social Work degree (Ph.D or DSW) International Association of Schools of Social Work Council on Social Work Education Schools of social work

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane, 1860–1935, American social worker, b. Cedarville, Ill., grad. Rockford College, 1881. In 1889, with Ellen Gates Starr, she founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in the United States (see settlement house). Based on the university settlements begun in England by Samuel Barnett, Hull House served as a community center for the neighborhood poor and later as a center for social reform activities. It was important in Chicago civic affairs and had an influence on the settlement movement throughout the country. An active reformer throughout her career, Jane Addams was a leader in the woman's suffrage and pacifist (see pacifism) movements, and was a strong opponent of the Spanish-American War. She was the recipient (jointly with Nicholas Murray Butler) of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Her books on social questions include The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets (1909), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil (1912), and Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).


See her autobiographical Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930); the selected works in The Jane Addams Reader (ed. by J. B. Elshtain, 2001); biographies by J. W. Linn, her nephew (1935), A. F. Davis (1973), G. Diliberto (1999), and L. W. Knight (2005); studies by D. Levine (1971) and J. B. Elshtain (2001).

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Addams, Jane

(1860–1935) social reformer, pacifist; born in Cedarville, Ill. Raised in comfort by her widowed father, a state senator and abolitionist (he was a friend of Abraham Lincoln), she studied at the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania for a few months before spinal illness and a realization that she was not cut out to be a doctor led her to withdraw (1882). Disturbed by urban poverty and searching for meaningful work, she visited Toynbee Hall, a pioneering settlement house in London, which inspired her, with Ellen Starr, to found Hull House, a settlement house in Chicago (1889). She lived and worked out of Hull House for the rest of her life, developing educational, cultural, and medical programs for the community, while lobbying for improved housing, fair labor practices, and just treatment for immigrants and the poor. Hull House also had great influence beyond Chicago by both inspiring similar institutions in American cities and by training many individuals who became notable reformers. Addams herself was so far in advance of many Americans on social issues in her day that she was attacked by some as a subversive. A staunch supporter of women's suffrage, she served as vice-president of the National American Suffrage Alliance (1911–14). An unwavering pacifist, she was president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1919–35) and shared the Nobel Prize for Peace (1931). She lectured and published widely; her many books include Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Addams had read widely and had written about literature, (5) and she was experienced in anticipating a range of receptions from the familiar audiences in women's clubs to skeptical neighbors in the working-class community surrounding Hull House. In Addams's article "The Subtle Problems of Charity" (1899), she explains the challenges encountered by the "charity visitor" when interacting with less privileged people; the article reveals her ability to gage an audience's receptivity:
There is no account of the social science and policy work of people such as Jane Addams, Florence Kelley, and their colleagues at Hull House, or New Deal architects Harry Hopkins and Francis Perkins.
In the 1890s, public health advocates from Jane Addams's Hull House linked sewage outflows with outbreaks of typhoid fever and pushed for sanitary garbage disposal.
Hinman taught a combination of ball room and folk dance to both sexes at Chicago's Hull House as early as 1897, and ten years later, the Principal at P.S 15 in Manhattan crowed that some sixty "healthy, happy" fifth-grade girls in the Burchenal Athletic Club regularly performed fifteen Northern European dances, from the Irish Jig to the Hungarian Csardas, Swedish Frykdalspolkska, Russian Comarinskaia and a Minuet.
The progressive project was conspicuously evident at Jane Addams' Hull House. Under Addams' guiding hand, musical director Eleanor Smith used Sunday concerts and individual lessons to promote what Vaillant describes as a "new democratic cultural politics for civic music that would spread far beyond the confines of the immediate neighborhood." (p.
To anyone outside the liberal fold these might seem devastating criticisms, but in the second half of the book, Taylor is at pains to show that not all Progressives suffered from the "Emersonian legacy." In her work at Hull House, Jane Addams displayed a becoming humility" she refused to demonize her opponents and as a rule avoided "moral arrogance." As a pacifist, she opposed World War I, but allowed Hull House to be used as an army draft registration center.
Specifically, the author examines Hull House and the pioneering social settlement work of Jane Addams at the turn of the 20th century; democratic education for social change put into practice during the civil rights movement by Myles Horton, Septima Clark, Bernice Robinson, and others at the Highlander Folk School; and the Neighborhood Learning Community in St.
Addams came from a privileged upbringing which includes travel in Europe, but when she discovered the poverty under her eyes, she brought the settlement house idea of England to Chicago, opening the famous Hull House for the poor.
Particularly compelling and noteworthy women (and their related issues) represented in this resource include Jane Adams (Hull House); Irene Ashby (child labor in the South); Dorothea Lange (migrant workers during the Depression); Margaret Hagood (Mothers of the South); and Josephine Shaw Lowell (New York Charity Organization Society).
Topping the Friday's female trade at 4,000gns was Holly Farm Hilversum, a scrapie genotype one shearling from the Holly Farm flock of Davies and Wareing, of Halsall, Ormskirk, Lancashire, selling to J & W Mellin, Hull House, Hellifield, Skipton, North Yorkshire.
Jane Addams forsook the comforts of an affluent college graduate's life to live in Hull House in the midst of a disease-ridden and crowded Chicago immigrant neighborhood, determined to make it an educational and social center that would bring pride, health, and beauty into the lives of her poor neighbors.
MOTHER KNEW BEST: Lucy is left with only her memories after her mum, Jean, was stabbed to death in a Hull house (above) by Kevin Batty (right) - now serving a life sentence

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