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Helwan (hĕlwänˈ), Hilwan (hĭl) (–) (wänˈ), or Hulwan (ho͝ol) (–) (wänˈ), town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of Memphis; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry. Helwan has a metallurgical research center and an astronomical observatory. The town, the site of ancient settlements, is also a health resort, long known for its hot sulfur springs. An ancient burial chamber, one of the largest in the world, was discovered at Helwan in 1946.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Egypt, on the lower course of the Nile; a suburb of Cairo. Population, 203,500 (1966).

Helwan has a fertilizer plant, and nearby is a metallurgical plant, the first stage of which was built with aid from the USSR. Railroad cars, cement, and silk fabrics are also produced. The Helwan necropolis is located 5 km from the city.

Helwan is a climatic and balneological health resort. The climate is dry (annual precipitation, approximately 40 mm), and summers are hot (average July temperature, 35.5°C). Winter is the mildest season, with temperatures averaging 16.6°C in December, 14.8°C in January, and 16.5°C in February.

Treatment includes therapeutic bathing using the beneficial effects of solar radiation, air, and sand. There are thermal mineral springs (25°–33°C), whose hydrogen sulphide chloride-sulfate-sodium waters are used for bathing, drinking, and inhalation. Patients are treated for disorders of the urinary tract, kidneys, parietal musculature, skin, nervous system, and metabolic system. Facilities include sanatoriums, a balneological treatment center, hotels, and tourist hostels.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[6.] Jagtap SV, Kale PP, Huddedar A, Hulwan AB, Jagtap SS.
[7.] Khatib WM, Jagtap SV, Kale P, Hulwan A, Shukla D.
The Romanian Tractor Universal 650 BraE-ov signed an agreement with El Nasr Automotive in September and Hulwan Iron Foundries (previously Factory 9) to manufacture and assemble Romanian tractors in Egypt after an absence of over 35 years.
The caliph and his army subsequently met a large Seljuq force of Turkmens in battle, under the command of the erstwhile Seljuq shihna, and defeated them resoundingly, in either 549 or 550 (1155f.) (78) In al-Bundari's words: "The caliph took possession of Iraq from the farther-most part of Kufa to Hulwan, and from the borders of Takrit to 'Abadan, and he assigned Wasit and its districts in iqta', and Basra [...] and al-Hilla and Kufa." (79) Immediately after this last battle, the caliph is said to have bestowed upon his own vizier the title of "Sultan of Iraq, King of the Armies" (sultan al-'Iraq malik al-juyush), in a clear attempt to cut down to size and to subordinate the position of sultan.
Hulwan and Joshi reported the performance, emission, and combustion characteristics of a multicylinder diesel engine running on diesel-ethanol-biodiesel blends of high ethanol content [16].
Abdullah Abu Qura was crowned as the tournament top scorer, Amer Shouqeir as Best Player, and Egyptian Hulwan University as the Ideal Team.
Extreme cases of this variability can be seen quite clearly in the data for Yuma, Arizona, where only 1 in (25 mm) of rain fell in 1899, compared with 11 in (280 mm) in 1905, and Helwan (or Hulwan, just south of Cairo), where not even a tenth of an inch of rain (only 2 mm) fell in 1934 compared with 5 in (125 mm) in 1946.
Just prior to Abu Muslim's death, Sunbadh had alighted in Hulwan where he anticipated joining Abu Muslim after the latter had defeated the 'Abbasid prince (Abd Allah b.
Andere Verbindungen fehlen ganz, so wird vom bereits erwahnten Stichwort "Halman" zwar auf "Sar-e Pol-e Zahab" verwiesen, nicht aber auf "Hulwan."