sleeping sickness(redirected from Human African trypanosomiasis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.
sleeping sickness:see encephalitisencephalitis
, general term used to describe a diffuse inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, usually of viral origin, often transmitted by mosquitoes, in contrast to a bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), known as meningitis.
..... Click the link for more information. ; trypanosomiasistrypanosomiasis
, infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome, which exists as a parasite in the blood of a number of vertebrate hosts. The three variations of the disease that predominate in humans are transmitted by an insect vector.
..... Click the link for more information. .
sleeping sickness[′slēp·iŋ ‚sik·nəs]
1. an African disease caused by infection with protozoans of the genus Trypanosoma, characterized by fever, wasting, and sluggishness
2. an epidemic viral form of encephalitis characterized by extreme drowsiness