Lower Leg

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Lower Leg

 

in humans, the part of the lower extremity between the thigh and the foot. The skeleton of the lower leg is composed of two bones; the tibia toward the inner part of the leg and the fibula toward the outer part. These bones articulate superiorly, along their length they are connected by the interosseous membrane, and inferiorly they are connected by ligaments. The lower leg muscles are divided into three groups: the anterior, exterior. and posterior. The anterior group consists of extensors of the foot and toes; the exterior, of muscles that flex the foot and abduct and rotate it toward the outside; and the posterior, of flexors of the toes, foot, and lower leg. The muscles and skin of the lower leg are innervated by the tibial and peroneal nerves; the lower leg is supplied by blood from branches of the popliteal artery. Large and small subcutaneous veins that lie close to the surface and the deep tibial veins ensure outflow of blood from the lower leg.

References in classic literature ?
Chains and shackles, which had been the portion of former captives, from whom active exertions to escape had been apprehended, hung rusted and empty on the walls of the prison, and in the rings of one of those sets of fetters there remained two mouldering bones, which seemed to have been once those of the human leg, as if some prisoner had been left not only to perish there, but to be consumed to a skeleton.
The remains of my poor sister had been brought round by the kitchen door, and, it being a point of Undertaking ceremony that the six bearers must be stifled and blinded under a horrible black velvet housing with a white border, the whole looked like a blind monster with twelve human legs, shuffling and blundering along, under the guidance of two keepers - the postboy and his comrade.
Near to the pathway lay a long clump of greenery, and from behind this there stuck straight up into the air four human legs clad in parti-colored hosen, yellow and black.
Under an altar by the door was a pair of stone stocks for human legs.
I asked him to look for dry human leg bones, nine spiders and nine shells of pepper (ataare) and bring them to me.
A WALKER made a gruesome discovery when they discovered a human leg washed up on a beach.
FIVE people have been arrested in South Africa on charges related to cannibalism after one of them walked into a police station, said he was tired of eating human flesh and produced part of a human leg and a hand.
The Human leg shaped robotic leg, using polyimide V-groove joints,was developed and scrutinized.
Caption: Human tooth marks and pounding damage (in boxed area) on a 14,700-year-old human leg bone and on dozens of other fossils unearthed in a cave in England indicate that hunter-gatherers there practiced ritual cannibalism, researchers say.
On the one hand, it should be analogous to the human lower limb in the case of joint positions and distribution of DOF; on the other hand, the actuators in the exoskeleton leg should be allocated in the corresponding position to the representative muscles in human leg, in order to simulate the function of the muscles during the process of human walking.
Among the topics are the numerical analysis of the residual stresses caused by forming process in conical mini-parts, three-edge drilling versus two-edge drilling in aluminum parts, the effect of suction pipe diameter and submergence ratio on air lift pumping rate, and the design and simulation of a mechanism for assisting human leg motion.
To more clearly illustrate this coupling relationship, Figure 4 shows a simulated human leg motion with a fixed hamstring length while flexing the hip.

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