human papillomavirus

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human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 100 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
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 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, about a dozen strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, and anus, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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) and throat cancer.

Transmission of HPV strains is often the result of sexual contact, but it can also occur as the result of any skin-to-skin contact involving the mouth or genitals. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers. HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
References in periodicals archive ?
As per the software, internal control (Human DNA) is detected on the JOE/HEX/Yellow channel, Human Papilloma virus type 16 (HPV 16) on the FAM/Green channel and HPV 18 on ROX/ Orange channel.
The most important risk factor in cervical cancer is being infected with human papilloma virus (HPV).
The human papilloma virus is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.
Use of a hybrid capture assay of self-collected swabs in rural Uganda for detection of human papilloma virus.
Darron Ferris, director of the Gynaecologic Cancer Prevention Centre, at the Medical College of Georgia, in the US, said, 'In most cases women don't know if they have already been exposed to Human Papilloma virus or not.
5 Oncogene, Ming Jiang and Jo Milner of the University of York in England use the approach to thwart tumor-cell growth generated by proteins from a human papilloma virus.
A human papilloma virus vaccine that can be used to prevent infection may be available within the next 5 years, Dr.
Swiss pharmaceuticals company Roche has bought patents concerning the human papilloma virus (HPV), which causes cancer of the uterus, from the Pasteur Institute, according to a press release.
checks for the presence of the human papilloma virus, which causes cervical cancer, the officials said.
In both clinical and laboratory studies, Product R has also shown promise for the treatment of viral infections such as AIDS and human papilloma virus (HPV), and autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.
One year after entry into the study, all four patients were lesion-free and had no evidence of human papilloma virus on histology.
The most common sexually transmitted disease among teenage girl is human papilloma virus (HPV), says Barbara Moscicki, M.

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