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(ho͝omä`yo͞on), 1507–56, second Mughal emperor of India (1530–56), son and successor of BaburBabur
[Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the Mughal empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of Timur (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz Khan, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia.
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. In 1535, pressed by enemy incursions into Rajasthan, Humayun defeated the formidable Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. However military opposition, particularly that of Sher KhanSher Khan
or Sher Shah
, 1486–1545, Afghan ruler in N India. He enlisted in the service of the Mughal leader Babur when the latter invaded India and became governor of Bihar.
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 in Bihar, grew in strength. Sher Khan overran Bengal in 1537, and Humayun was routed at Chausa in 1539 and crushingly defeated at Kanauj in 1540. Humayun fled to Sind and finally obtained shelter from Shah Tahmasp of Persia in 1544. After the death of Sher Khan's son, Humayun, with Persian support, invaded (1555) India and reestablished Mughal authority. He died soon after, and his son AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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 became emperor.


See his memoirs, The Tezkereh al Vakiāt (tr. 1970); I. Prasad, Life and Times of Humayun (1955); study by R. S. Avasthy (1967).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born Mar. 6, 1508, in Kabul; died Jan. 27, 1556, in Delhi. Ruler of Mogul India.

Humayun inherited the Indian possessions of his father, Zahir al-Din Muhammad Baber. Although Humayun managed to conquer Malwa and Gujarat, he was defeated by Sher Shah, the ruler of Bihar, at Chausa in 1593 and at Kanauj in 1540 and was forced to flee to Iran. In Iran, Humayun gathered an army, with which he captured Kabul in 1545 and routed the army of Sikan-der Shah, a successor of Sher Shah, in 1555. Humayun then seized Delhi.


Prasad, I. The Life and Times of Humayun. Bombay [1955].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: New Delhi [India], Aug 31 (ANI): The entry for Nila Gumbad at Humayun Tomb Complex in the national capital was opened on Saturday for the general public.
PPP provincial president Mohammad Humayun Khan told reporters at the Peshawar Press Club on Tuesday that former president Mr Zardari direly needed a medical checkup but the government didn't follow the doctors' advice about it.
According to a spokesperson for Punjab Minister for Higher Education and Tourism Raja Yasir Humayun Sarfraz, the proceedings in this regard took place at the 43rd meeting of the committee held at Baku, Azerbaijan.
Haider Ali Rizwan / Ahtesham Humayun: 5-7, 6-1, 10-3.
RMP Commissioner Humayun Kabir distributed the goods at Police Lines and Kasiadanga area yesterday afternoon.
The Corps Commander XI will be led by Commander V Corps Lt Gen Humayun Aziz and comprise serving Army Officers.
There are many mythical tales about Babur but my favourite is the story of Humayun.
The rally is being led by Federal Minister for Health Aamir Mehmood Kiyani and Punjab Minister for Higher Education and Tourism Yasir Humayun Sarfraz.
The rally will be led by Federal Minister for Health Aamir Mehmood Kiyani and Punjab Minister for Higher Education and Tourism Yasir Humayun Sarfraz.
One of those include actor Humayun Saeed not being nominated.
LAHORE:Punjab Minister for Higher Education Raja Yasir Humayun said the government was working on a mechanism to revive student unions across the province.He was addressing a press conference alongside Punjab Chief Minister's Spokesperson Dr Shahbaz Gill at the DGPR Office.
Summary: The show featured Jibran Raheel, Farhad Humayun, Uzair Jaswal and Aima Baig