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(ho͝omä`yo͞on), 1507–56, second Mughal emperor of India (1530–56), son and successor of BaburBabur
[Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the Mughal empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of Timur (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz Khan, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia.
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. In 1535, pressed by enemy incursions into Rajasthan, Humayun defeated the formidable Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. However military opposition, particularly that of Sher KhanSher Khan
or Sher Shah
, 1486–1545, Afghan ruler in N India. He enlisted in the service of the Mughal leader Babur when the latter invaded India and became governor of Bihar.
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 in Bihar, grew in strength. Sher Khan overran Bengal in 1537, and Humayun was routed at Chausa in 1539 and crushingly defeated at Kanauj in 1540. Humayun fled to Sind and finally obtained shelter from Shah Tahmasp of Persia in 1544. After the death of Sher Khan's son, Humayun, with Persian support, invaded (1555) India and reestablished Mughal authority. He died soon after, and his son AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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 became emperor.


See his memoirs, The Tezkereh al Vakiāt (tr. 1970); I. Prasad, Life and Times of Humayun (1955); study by R. S. Avasthy (1967).



Born Mar. 6, 1508, in Kabul; died Jan. 27, 1556, in Delhi. Ruler of Mogul India.

Humayun inherited the Indian possessions of his father, Zahir al-Din Muhammad Baber. Although Humayun managed to conquer Malwa and Gujarat, he was defeated by Sher Shah, the ruler of Bihar, at Chausa in 1593 and at Kanauj in 1540 and was forced to flee to Iran. In Iran, Humayun gathered an army, with which he captured Kabul in 1545 and routed the army of Sikan-der Shah, a successor of Sher Shah, in 1555. Humayun then seized Delhi.


Prasad, I. The Life and Times of Humayun. Bombay [1955].
References in periodicals archive ?
Among those present were Maria Wasti, Shehzad Sheikh, Atiqa Odho, Ejaz Aslam, Humayun Saeed, Asfar Rehman, Sania Saeed, Yasira Rizvi, Jinnan Hussain, Adnan Siddiqui, Rehan Sheikh, Sabreen Hisbani, Imran Abbas, Sanam Saeed, Salman Shahid, Nimra Bucha, Angeline Malik and Zahid Ahmad.
Further, the Board has elected Humayun Bashir as its Chairman for the current term of the Board.
LAHORE -- Fine contributions from Khurram Humayun and Tanvir Javed guided Apollo Club into the final of the 1st Chaudhry Mohammad Hussain Memorial Cricket Tournament with a six-wicket win over Service Club at the Al-Bilal Ground here on Monday.
LAHORE -- Film star Humayun Saeed has demanded the government to give 10 years tax holiday to Pakistan film industry to help it stand on its feet.
ISLAMABAD:President Pakistan Peoples Party Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Humayun Khan has said that corruption was wide spread in KP Government and the Chief Minister KP and his cabinet was busy to project positive image of Imran Khan.
MUMBAI/LAHORE During a late night call on Thursday following the Pakistan release of Arth 2, a copy of which was sent to the team of the original Arth, Mahesh Bhatt told Shaan Shahid that he shouldn't have watched the 1982 original movie with Humayun Gujjar back to back.
ISLAMABAD -- President Pakistan Peoples Party Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Humayun Khan has said that corruption was wide spread in KP Government and the Chief Minister KP and his cabinet was busy to project positive image of Imran Khan.
These words that were spoken by Muhammad Humayun Babar kept on echoing in my mind.
And so if the 35-acre land where Humayun is buried becomes a graveyard, then probably the sins committed by him will lessen.
Its video, which is directed by Humayun and stars his half-Russian friend Ramina Maripova, has already crossed two million views on YouTube; but you'd never find this educated musician from Lahore making any noise about it.
Humayun doesn't move--but he's clearly irritated by Babur.
They said that advocate Humayun Khan wanted to spend some money as charity for his late father.