Hume, John,1937–, Northern Irish political leader, grad. St. Patrick's College, Univ. of Ireland (B.A., 1958; M.A., 1964). A moderate Catholic, he devoted his career to the peaceful settlement of sectarian conflicts in his homeland. A founding member (1970) of the nonsectarian, nonviolent Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), Hume was a member of Northern Ireland's parliament (1969–72) and assembly (1972–73). Leader of the SDLP (1979–2001), he was elected to the European parliament in 1979 and to the British parliament in 1983. Despite severe criticism, he held talks (1988–93) with Gerry AdamsAdams, Gerry
(Gerard Adams), 1948–, Northern Irish political leader. Born into an Irish nationalist family, Adams became politically active during the Catholic civil rights demonstrations of the 1960s, joining Sinn Féin and most probably (despite Adams's denials)
..... Click the link for more information. , leader of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
..... Click the link for more information. , which resulted in the Hume-Adams Initiative, a basis for multiparty peace talks and the 1994 ceasefire. Hume, Adams, and the pro-British Ulster Unionist party leader David TrimbleTrimble of Lisnagarvey, William David Trimble, Baron,
1944–, Northern Irish political leader, grad. Queens Univ., Belfast (LL.B.). A Protestant Unionist, he became (1969) a barrister and taught law at his alma mater.
..... Click the link for more information. later participated in multicountry negotiations that resulted in the historic 1998 peace agreement. Hume subsequently (1998–2000) served as a member of the new Northern Irish assembly. He and Trimble were co-recipients of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize; Hume was also awarded the 2001 Gandhi Peace Prize.
See biographies by B. White (1985) and P. Routledge (1997); G. Murray, John Hume and the SDLP (1998).
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