hummock

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hummock

1. a hillock; knoll
2. a ridge or mound of ice in an ice field
3. Chiefly southern US a wooded area lying above the level of an adjacent marsh

Hummock

 

a pileup of fragments of ice floes on the ice cover of seas, rivers, and lakes. Hummocks are caused by the lateral pressure of ice fields on one another and on the shoreline and shoals, which results in fragmentation of the edges of the fields. Hummocks are most common in the East Siberian and Chukchi seas and in the open part of the Arctic Ocean, where their height sometimes exceeds 8–9 m (in coastal areas it may reach 15–20 m).

Among the forms of hummock development that are distinguished are ridges (in solid drifting ice), barriers (hummock ridges on the margin of the shore ice, occasionally resting on the bottom), standing floes (ropaks), and stamukhi (individual pile-ups on shoals). The degree of development of hummocks is measured on a five-point scale; 0 indicates a completely smooth ice sheet, and 5 means that the ice sheet is completely covered with hummocks.

hummock

[′həm·ək]
(ecology)
A rounded or conical knoll frequently formed of earth and covered with vegetation.
(geology)
A rounded or conical knoll, mound, hillock, or other small elevation, generally of equal dimensions and not ridgelike. Also known as hammock.
(hydrology)
A mound, hillock, or pile of broken floating ice, either fresh or weathered, that has been forced upward by pressure, as in an ice field or ice floe.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our study emphasizes the role that individual growth rates can play in causing barnacle hummocking and density-dependent mortality.
High recruitment densities are also clearly necessary for barnacle hummocking (Barnes and Powell 1950, Wethey 1984a, Bertness 1989).
In this situation, where hummocking does not lead to high mortality, the benefits of crowding likely outweigh the costs.