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see hunchbackhunchback,
abnormal outward curvature of the spine in the thoracic region. It is also known as kyphosis and humpback, and in its severe form a noticeable hump is evident on the back.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a deformity of the spine that develops as a result of various diseases or injuries of the spine (most frequently in tubercular spondylitis). As a result of a pathological process, destruction of some vertebral bodies occurs, resulting in their deformation, which in its turn entails curvature of the spine in anterior-posterior and lateral directions. When humpback develops in children or young people, deformation of the spine is severe, inasmuch as further development of the skeleton does not proceed normally. A humpback in the form of a rounded protuberance in the back may form in rickets, as a result of changes in bone tissue. Rickety humpback is usually corrected with timely and correct treatment of rickets. The whole thorax is deformed simultaneously with the formation of a humpback—a so-called costal hump is formed, which also develops in lateral curvatures of the spine (scolioses). Prophylaxis of humpback formation in tubercular spondylitis consists of early and correct treatment of the tubercular process; in rickets preventive measures in administering antirachitic treatment, restraining the infant from sitting up too early, placing the infant on its abdomen from the age of 2½ months, massaging the back muscles, and exercising.

A special place is occupied by so-called cardiac hump—a protuberance of the thorax in the region of the heart, usually observed in young people who suffer from cardiac defects (chiefly aortic insufficiency).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. another word for hunchback
2. a large whalebone whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, closely related and similar to the rorquals but with a humped back and long flippers: family Balaenopteridae
3. a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, the male of which has a humped back and hooked jaws
4. Brit a road bridge having a sharp incline and decline and usually a narrow roadway
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Horseman turned off into an industrial estate and went through the red light which controls a humpback bridge, still doing an incredible 80mph.
The bus, carrying 75 pupils from Cowbridge Comprehensive School, was travelling through the schoolboy's home village of Ystradowen when it careered off a narrow humpback bridge.
Before his head was like a humpback bridge, it went in at the sides and out at the front.
The Magic Mushroom has more roots to watch out for and you can ride along elevated timber trails known as North Shore, and over a humpback bridge crossing a stream.
It is alleged he sped across a humpback bridge then lost control of his Vauxhall Vivaro while responding alone to a "top priority" emergency.
They're absolute heroes in my book and deserve a bravery medal." The Corsa skidded off the road by a humpback bridge near Bishops Stortford, Herts, around 7.54am.
I was driving my second MGB Roadster and went over a humpback bridge then realised brakes don't work in mid-air.
"From the Jolly Collier pub in Woodway Lane an arm of the Oxford canal came up to Deedmore Road and under a humpback bridge called Eburne Bridge.
On the left can be seen the original humpback bridge which was then demolished.
This is a day before Hannah's body was found in undergrowth close to a humpback bridge in the country lane which is about five miles from Hannah's home in Grosvenor Road.
Indeed, we find ourselves sharing the inn with a batch of Belgian barons here for the hunting, and a couple of hill-walkers from the Netherlands, where even a humpback bridge causes excitement.
The accident happened at about 1.15pmon the westbound carriage ways of the A494 just over the humpback bridge beyond the entrance to RAF Sealand.