Hunedoara


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Hunedoara

(ho͞onādwä`rä), Hung. Vajdahunyad, city (1990 pop. 89,873), W central Romania, in Transylvania. A major industrial center, it has extensive ironworks and steelworks. Iron ore and coal are mined nearby. The city is noted for its historic Hunyadi Castle, built in the 15th cent. on the site of an old citadel.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hunedoara

 

a district (judet) in central Rumania, in the region where the Southern Carpathians, the Western Rumanian Mountains, and the Poiana Ruscă Mountains converge. Area, 7,000 sq km. Population, 518,800 (1975). The capital is the city of Deva.

Hunedoara’s industry accounts for 3.7 percent of Rumania’s gross industrial output. Ferrous metallurgy, represented by a combine in the city of Hunedoara, accounts for 53.4 percent of the district’s gross output. The fuel and energy industry contributes 14.8 percent of the district’s gross output. Other developed industries are machine building (6.2 percent), food processing (5.3 percent), and nonferrous metallurgy. The district also has plants of the building-materials, chemical, lumber and wood-products, leather and footwear, and clothing industries. More than 8 million tons of hard coal are mined annually in the Petroşani coalfield, and iron ore, copper, complex ores, pyrites, talc, marble, and construction stone are mined or quarried in the district. The principal industrial centers are Hunedoara and Petroşani.

Forests cover 45 percent of the district, arable land 13 percent, and meadows and pastures 36 percent. The district’s agriculture accounts for 1.4 percent of Rumania’s gross output. Grain crops, principally maize and wheat, and feed crops are cultivated; vegetables, mainly potatoes, and fruit are also grown. As of 1976, the livestock population included 148,000 head of cattle, 117,000 swine, and 241,600 sheep.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII


Hunedoara

 

a city in Rumania, in Hunedoara District; situated in the valley of the Cerna River, a tributary of the Mureş. Population, 78,800 (1975). A center of ferrous metallurgy, Hunedoara has a combine that produces 3 million tons of steel annually using iron ore from nearby deposits in the Poiana Ruscă Mountains and coking coal from the Petroşani coalfield. The city has enterprises of the coke, chemical, food-processing, and building-materials industries. Of historical note is the Huniazi Castle.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An earthquake of degree 4.8 on the Richter scale has been registered Sunday afternoon in the western Romanian province of Hunedoara.
Since then, he has been sitting on a chair in front of the casino in Deva, Hunedoara county, with a note reading, "Roulette hunger strike".
Mibbes he's stashed a chunk in his home town of Hunedoara and renamed it the Land of Milk and Hunedoara!
The EU representation of Romania's Hunedoara County was officially inaugurated on July 12 at an event staged at the European Parliament's Brussels headquarters and attended by President of Hunedoara County Mircea Ioan Molo and Dutch MEP Sophie in't Veld, former head of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats at the Committee of the Regions.
Romania's state-owned Hunedoara Energy Holding, a power generator, has absorbed the National Coal Company Petrosani, in a move to cut production costs.The merger, which was closed on July 8, will see the Hunedoara Energy Holding control two thermal energy plants (Mintia, Paroseni) and four viable coal mines (Vulcan, Lonea, Livezeni and Lupeni).Law firm Zamfirescu Racoti & Partners (ZRP) advised the state-owned generator on the deal."It wasn't an easy task, as the operation required prior authorization from the Competition Council," commented Anca Danilescu, senior associate at ZRP.
A Chinese company will invest nearly 600 million euros in upgrading power units 3 and 4 of the Mintia power station (western Hunedoara County); the investment comes under a 20-year loan agreement with a 2 pct interest rate, to be initialed by China's National Electric Engineering Company and the Hunedoara Energy Complex, the latter's general manager Daniel Andronache declared on Monday, May 20, Agerpres reported.He explained that the Chinese party is a manufacturer of energy equipment and that it would cover the expense of installing the necessary plant at the Mintia power station; the Romanian party will repay the amount in equal installments set at about one million euros per month.'They come to the site, install the equipment with local workforce they will pay for.
According to media, Romania will sell a 51% stake in energy holding Hunedoara to a strategic investor via a share capital increase.
Premier Ponta also announced that the government wants to double the registered capital of the CE Hunedoara through a public offer for private companies and after to list the newly-issued shares on the stock exchange.