Hungarian language

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Hungarian language,

also called Magyar, member of the Ugric group of the Finno-Ugric languagesFinno-Ugric languages
, also called Finno-Ugrian languages, group of languages forming a subdivision of the Uralic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languages).
..... Click the link for more information.
. These languages form a subdivision of the Uralic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languagesUralic and Altaic languages
, two groups of related languages thought by many scholars to form a single Ural-Altaic linguistic family. However, other authorities hold that the Uralic and Altaic groups constitute two unconnected and separate language families.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Hungarian is spoken by approximately 10 million people in Hungary and by an additional 3 million throughout Eastern Europe, Russia, the United States, and elsewhere. There are a number of dialects. Like the other Uralic and Altaic languages, Hungarian has vowel harmony and agglutination. Suffixes or postpositions are used extensively. The noun has about 25 cases, and the verb is inflected to a considerable degree. Hungarian has a definite article and an indefinite article, both of which are lacking in the related languages of Finnish and Turkish. There is no grammatical gender in Hungarian. The first syllable of a word is stressed. During the first millennium A.D., Hungarian was written in a script akin to that of the oldest Turkic writing, but in the 11th cent. A.D. the Roman alphabet was introduced and subsequently was adopted in a modified form. The earliest extant Hungarian documents in the Roman alphabet go back to the 13th cent. and are the oldest texts of a Uralic language. The vocabulary of Hungarian has borrowed words from other languages, especially the Turkic languages, the Slavic languages, and German.


See R. M. Vago, The Sound Pattern of Hungarian (1980); D. M. Abandolo, Hungarian Inflectional Morphology (1989).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Second, my husband's status as a native Hungarian with native Hungarian language skills ensured that we could communicate with the school when problems arose and when we had concerns or questions.
This chapter lays necessary groundwork for understanding the structure of the Hungarian language at the time when it encountered WOT.
In the Hungarian language (like in other Finno-Ugric languages) nouns are used in the singular quite often where in most Indo-European languages a plural form can be observed.
The terms selected from the corpus are regarded as neologisms which are not included in The Concise Dictionary of the Hungarian Language (1978).
A brief sketch of opera, operetta, song, and choral literature in the Hungarian language was undertaken in Part 1 of this article (JOS 66, no.
* Presentation of the Hungarian language musical thesaurus
Although the number of the Hungarians from Romania decreased in the 90s because of migration to Hungary or other destinations, the number of schools with Hungarian language teaching has grown after the repressive educational minority politics of the communism.
Following a series of tours which gained wide critical acclaim came the 15-track LP Don't Trust The Girl With The Chainsaw - highlights include a Hungarian language tune and a wild psychobilly version of Mercy originally written by the famous American duo called Collins Kids in the '50s.
Toth helped Hungary to victory in front of a crowd of around 7,000 at a ground near Budapest and has now enrolled on a Hungarian language course ahead of his next international appearance in Denmark next season.
The second edition of this guide to essential grammar in the Hungarian language is aimed at students at all levels of fluency and includes tutorials on verbal prefixes, aspect and tense, word-formation mechanisms, vowel harmony, the case system and word order.
We could not read the Hungarian language underneath that explained it, but it was likely stating that it was spicy or hot.

Full browser ?