Hunt, Richard Morris

Hunt, Richard Morris,

1828–95, American architect, b. Brattleboro, Vt., studied in Geneva, Switzerland, and at the École des Beaux-Arts; brother of William Morris HuntHunt, William Morris,
1824–79, American painter, b. Brattleboro, Vt., studied in Düsseldorf and Paris. He was greatly influenced by the Barbizon school and by J. F. Millet.
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. He was a leading practitioner of 19th-century eclecticism. Hunt worked under T. U. WalterWalter, Thomas Ustick,
1804–87, American architect, b. Philadelphia. In 1819 he entered the office of William Strickland in Philadelphia as a student. In 1830 he began practice, the county prison (1831) at Moyamensing, Philadelphia co., being his first important work.
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 on the extensions of the Capitol at Washington, D.C. In New York City he founded the first American studio for training young architects, and he was one of the organizers of the American Institute of Architects, of which he became president in 1888. Most of his work was closely imitative of historic styles. It included the Lenox Library, New York City (later torn down); the first building for the Fogg Museum of Art, Cambridge, Mass.; the U.S. naval observatory at Washington, D.C.; the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty in New York harbor; and numerous magnificent residences, such as those of the Vanderbilts in New York City and Newport, R.I., and the Biltmore House in Asheville, N.C. His Tribune Building in New York was one of the first elevator buildings.


See biography by P. R. Baker (1980).

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Hunt, Richard Morris

American architect. Trained in France, he produced buildings in the United States in a variety of styles, mainly grandiose pastiche, for millionaire clients.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Hunt, Richard Morris

(1827–95) architect; born in Brattleboro, Vt. The first American admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris (1846), he worked with Hector Martin Lefuel on the Pavillion de la Bibliothèque of the Louvre (1854–55). He opened a practice (1855) and an atelier in New York, training among others Frank Furness and George B. Post. An eclectic stylist, Hunt designed numerous houses and university and public buildings in New York, including the Presbyterian Hospital (1872), the Tribune Building (1873), and Lenox Library (1877). After the 1880s he designed luxurious mansions by which he is best remembered, among them Marble House (1892) and The Breakers (1895), Newport, R.I., and the 225-room Biltmore House Asheville, N.C. (1895), the last of several Vanderbilt family commissions. A founder and third president of the American Institute of Architects (1888–91), Hunt is called the "dean of American architecture" for advancing the education and professional standards of architects.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.