What we can now say is the hill where Tullaghoge stands was also being used and exploited by hunter gatherers
- among the first people to settle on this island at all.
While writing and researching the annihilation of Cape San society, primarily caused by Dutch-speaking stock farmers during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and trying to locate this episode in global historical context, it appeared to me that a particular subset of settler colonial confrontations--those in which livestock farmers linked to the global capitalist market clashed with hunter gatherers
-were particularly catastrophic in their outcome.
Chemical analyses of charred food clinging to pottery fragments from sites across Japan indicate that hunter gatherers
who lived there between 15,300 and 11,200 years ago cooked freshwater or marine animals in ceramic vessels, say bioarchaeologist Oliver Craig of the University of York in England and his colleagues.