Economic success as a hunter-gather
required an endowment of human capital normally associated only with the agricultural and industrial revolutions: learning, knowledge transfer, tool fabrication skill and design, and social organization.
Whatever the case, the contrasting ways in which the Ache and the Hadza play the ultimatum game "seem to reflect their differing patterns of everyday life, not any underlying logic of hunter-gather
social organization," Henrich contends.
Mothers in "advanced" cultures will not be surprised to read that men in hunter-gather
societies devote more time to caring for their young.
ARCHAEOLOGISTS have uncovered cave art providing evidence that hunter-gather
children may have attended a form of prehistoric pre-school.
For his research, Bowles drew on demographic data from the archaeological and ethnographic records, which, according to him indicate that inter-group conflict would have been common among our hunter-gather
"Our food is a shadow of what true hunter-gathers
Peter Gray, a research professor of psychology at Boston College, says, "Play primarily evolved to teach children all kinds of skills, and its extension into adulthood may have helped to build cooperation and sharing among hunter-gathers
beyond the level that would naturally exist in a dominance-seeking species." In other words, for our earliest ancestors, play wasn't just about adding fun to their lives, it may have been a way of keeping the peace, which was critical for survival.
If you've not been watching The Island, it consists of a group of ordinary men going back to nature to find the hunter-gathers
within themselves in order to survive on a desert island.
He wonders if the intellectual property battles currently under way are the result of tension between the hunter-gathers
of information versus the cultivators.