hunter-gatherer

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hunter-gatherer

a member of a society which subsists by exploiting non-domestic/wild food resources. This strategy includes the hunting of large and small game animals, fishing, and the collection of various plant foods. A hunter-gatherer typically lives as part of a small camp or BAND made up of kin. The band is generally nomadic, with their movements following the availability of food, and there is a division of labour by age and sex: women collect plant foods and men hunt. Today, barely 30,000 of the world's population live by hunting and gathering, though it has supported life for 99% of humankind's existence.
References in periodicals archive ?
Economic success as a hunter-gather required an endowment of human capital normally associated only with the agricultural and industrial revolutions: learning, knowledge transfer, tool fabrication skill and design, and social organization.
Whatever the case, the contrasting ways in which the Ache and the Hadza play the ultimatum game "seem to reflect their differing patterns of everyday life, not any underlying logic of hunter-gather social organization," Henrich contends.
Mothers in "advanced" cultures will not be surprised to read that men in hunter-gather societies devote more time to caring for their young.
ARCHAEOLOGISTS have uncovered cave art providing evidence that hunter-gather children may have attended a form of prehistoric pre-school.
For his research, Bowles drew on demographic data from the archaeological and ethnographic records, which, according to him indicate that inter-group conflict would have been common among our hunter-gather ancestors.
"Our food is a shadow of what true hunter-gathers eat.
Peter Gray, a research professor of psychology at Boston College, says, "Play primarily evolved to teach children all kinds of skills, and its extension into adulthood may have helped to build cooperation and sharing among hunter-gathers beyond the level that would naturally exist in a dominance-seeking species." In other words, for our earliest ancestors, play wasn't just about adding fun to their lives, it may have been a way of keeping the peace, which was critical for survival.
If you've not been watching The Island, it consists of a group of ordinary men going back to nature to find the hunter-gathers within themselves in order to survive on a desert island.
He wonders if the intellectual property battles currently under way are the result of tension between the hunter-gathers of information versus the cultivators.