hunter-gatherer

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hunter-gatherer

a member of a society which subsists by exploiting non-domestic/wild food resources. This strategy includes the hunting of large and small game animals, fishing, and the collection of various plant foods. A hunter-gatherer typically lives as part of a small camp or BAND made up of kin. The band is generally nomadic, with their movements following the availability of food, and there is a division of labour by age and sex: women collect plant foods and men hunt. Today, barely 30,000 of the world's population live by hunting and gathering, though it has supported life for 99% of humankind's existence.
References in periodicals archive ?
The changes and developments that have taken place in Kalimantan and the Malaysian part of Borneo have afforded some opportunities for the hunting-gathering peoples in terms of improved job options, although they are still "stuck at the bottom" in many ways.
A culture forever in flux, which bears elements of hunting-gathering, pastoral, agrarian, industrial and post-industrial stages?
Rubin's claim is that human beings still show the evolved desires formed for that hunting-gathering environment--the EEA--as it existed prior to the development of agriculture that began about 10,000 years ago.
In the fourth chapter ("Prelude to Politics"), Prugh, Costanza, and Daly examine two socioeconomic models that they believe deserve special attention: capitalism and hunting-gathering.
See also Martin, "On the Estimation of the Sizes of Local Groups in a Hunting-Gathering Environment," American Anthropologist 75.