Huntsman, Benjamin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Huntsman, Benjamin


Born June 4, 1704, in Lincolnshire; died 1776 in Attercliffe. Originator of the crucible technique in the production of cast steel (about 1740).

Huntsman was born in England of German parentage. The crucible process was apparently known in antiquity in the countries of Asia (India and elsewhere), but the technology of this process remained a secret and was unknown in Europe. Huntsman smelted bits of wrought and cast iron (smelted with charcoal) together with a small quantity of flux. For a long time the crucible process was the sole method of production of cast steel.


Beck, L. Die Geschichte des Eisens in technischer und kulturgeschichtlicher Beziehung, section 3. Braunschweig, 1897.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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