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(operating system)
The GNU project's replacement for the Unix kernel. The Hurd is a collection of servers that run on the Mach microkernel to implement file systems, network protocols, file access control, and other features that are implemented by the Unix kernel or similar kernels such as Linux. The GNU C Library provides the Unix system call interface, and calls the Hurd for services it can't provide itself.

The Hurd aims to establish a framework for shared development and maintenance, allowing a broad range of users to share projects without knowing much about the internal workings of the system - projects that might never have been attempted without freely available source, a well-designed interface, and a multi-server-based design.

Currently there are free ports of the Mach kernel to the Intel 80386 IBM PC, the DEC PMAX workstation, the Luna 88k, with more in progress, including the Amiga and DEC Alpha-3000 machines.

According to Thomas Bushnell, BSG, the primary architect of the Hurd: 'Hurd' stands for 'Hird of Unix-Replacing Daemons' and 'Hird' stands for 'Hurd of Interfaces Representing Depth'. Possibly the first software to be named by a pair of mutually recursive acronyms.

The Hurd Home.

[June 1994 GNU's Bulletin].
References in periodicals archive ?
Acknowledging the issue, Hurd said: "We want to eliminate every barrier we can to making it hard for customers to do business with us.
Allred described several alleged sexual advances from Hurd that Ms Fisher is said to have rejected, including inviting her up to his hotel room in Atlanta to spend the night.
Mr Hurd said voters would be right to question why council leaders were awarding themselves pay rises while cutting services.
I thought they would try to find another Hurd type without a scandal, but it seems Apotheker already has a few skeletons in his closet with SAP not renewing his contract after serving as its CEO for just a few months and Orade's bitter intellectual property suit against SAP.
Hurd left HP in August amid a scandal over an undisclosed relationship with a contractor and falsified expense reports.
Hurd s resignation, announced Friday, stunned the business world.
HP board of directors said the investigation found that Hurd did not violate the company's policy on sexual harassment policy but he had failed to act responsibly by not disclosing information about his "close personal relationship" with the woman to the board.
HP launched an investigation in the US after her lawyers sent a letter accusing Hurd of sexual harassment a few weeks ago.
Hurd engineered a stunning turnaround of the Silicon Valley stalwart before his ouster.
Brian Carr, chief executive of Birmingham Voluntary Service Council said: "Only two months ago Mr Hurd gave a speech in the House of Commons describing the voluntary sector as the glue that holds our communities together.
Hurd, who qualified as a Chartered Accountant with PricewaterhouseCoopers,
Hurd argues that perceptions of legitimacy undergird how states act, both vis-a-vis one another and in relation to international institutions; in other words, legitimacy creates international order.