The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Hurrians. Hurrian is attested in texts from the third and second millennia B.C., in which it appears in various writing systems: in Old Accadian hieroglyphics found in Navarre; in Babylonian; in Hurrian proper, written in the Accadian cuneiform system; and in a quasi-alphabetic (consonantal) script found in Ugarit. In addition to a 500-line letter from the Mitanni king Tushratta to the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III, the most extensive texts in Hurrian are those from Mari and tablets from Tell el-Amarna, Boğazköy, and Ugarit. Proper names, glosses, and loanwords in Sumerian texts have also been preserved.

In grammatical structure and lexicon Hurrian is related to Urartean, with which it shares more than 20 percent of its vocabulary. The existence of an earlier Proto-Urartean-Hurrian language has been posited. Hurrian and Urartean are considered to be related to the Nakho-Dagestanian languages. Hurrian is characterized by a rich system of inflection, a highly developed system of cases, and the use of ergative constructions. Some scholars refer to Hurrian as Mitannian or Subarian.


D’iakonov, I. M. lazyki drevnei Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1967.
D’iakonov. I. M. Hurrisch und Urartäisch, supplement 6. Munich, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Mittani spoke Hurrian and were powerful because of their expertise in chariot warfare.
He indicated that some of the Hurrian and Akkadian texts uncovered at the site were written on cuneiforms according to the Ugaritic style.
"For now I want to emphasize that Hurrian [...] is an agglutinative ergative language, where personal pronouns are included in the verbal forms" (Nemirovsky 2008).
(37) But while its exact meaning is hard to determine, [(NmDA).sup.zammui]-clearly does not have a sinister or negative meaning: This word denotes an object used in Hurrian ritual contexts (e.g., the (h)isuwa-ntual and keldi-ritual).
The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) announced on Friday, that the 37-year-old will be supervised by biomechanical expert Dr Paul Hurrian and bowling coach Carl Crowe, reports ESPNcricinfo.
KARACHI: Pakistan's former captain and all-rounder Mohammad Hafeez will travel to England next week to work on his bowling action under bowling coach Carl Crowe and biomechanics expert Dr Paul Hurrian.Hafeez was suspended from bowling in international cricket after his bowling test was found to be illegal.
These who spoke to the gathering included President Jammu Kashmir Students Organization Saeed Butt, chairman Jammu Kashmir Students Organization Gauhar Bhat, ex-president, M Altaf Mir, Ishtiq Awan, Najam-ul-Saqib, Mufad Bukhari, APHC member Haji Sultan, and All Parties Hurrian Conference member Imtaz Iqbal Wani.
It is the generic term for any and every deity, similar to the West Semitic root word "El," as it is found in Sumerian and Akkadian; Ellil-Enlil, in Hittite and Hurrian; Ellel, in Hebrew EI-Elohim; in Arabic, as Al-Ilahi, the God, or Allat, a pre-Islamic Goddess--one of three daughters of Al-Ilah worshiped in Palmyra as Allat, referred to by Herodotus as Alilat, and worshiped as Allatu by North African Carthaginians.
The city exhibits many monuments (such as mosques, masjids, churches, monastery and similar worship places) from different periods of its history (Subariari, Hurrian, Sumerian, Akadian, Mitanian, Hittitian," Asurian, Skitian, Babylon, Persian, Makedonian, Abgarian, Roman, Bizantium, Arab, Seljukian, Artukian and Ottoman).
The topics include the conjugation prefixes, the dative case, and the empathy hierarchy in Sumerian; some case problems in Ugaritic; grammatical roles of agent, subject, patient, and beneficiary in Hurrian; early Canaanite and Old Aramaic case in the light of language typology; allative in Indo-European; the problem of the ergative case in Hittite; and case markings of core arguments and alignment in Late Latin.
with a riverine light-infantry force of just one brigade (5,000 men), even though faced with hostile Gutian, Elamite and Hurrian hill tribes to the East and marauding Amorite desert tribes to the West.