Hurrians


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Hurrians

 

ancient tribes linguistically related to the Urartians. The Hurrians are generally linked with the culture of the Kura-Araks Aeneolithic, which corresponds to the Khirbet-Kerak culture in Syria and Palestine. It is believed that the Hurrians were centered in Transcaucasia. In Syria and Mesopotamia they lived together with the Semites. In the 16th century B.C., they founded the Mitanni state in northern Mesopotamia, which flourished until the 13th century B.C., and exerted a strong influence on the Hittite Kingdom (seeMITANNI). In the first millennium B.C., the Hurrians were scattered along the western, southern, and eastern edges of the Armenian Highland.

Materials for the study of the Hurrian language include an inscription from the city of Urkish by Tisari, believed to be a Hurrian priestess (third millennium B.C.), religious texts from Mari and Babylonia, Akkadian-Hurrian bilingual texts and fragments of a Sumerian-Hurrian dictionary from Ugarit, religious literary texts from Hattusas, and other texts from the second millennium B.C. The Hurrians used various forms of cuneiform writing.

REFERENCES

D’iakonov, I. M. Iazyki drevnei Perednei Asii. Moscow, 1967.
D’iakonov, I. M. Predystoriia armianskogo naroda. Yerevan, 1968.
D’iakonov, I. M. Hurrisch und Urartäisch. Munich, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The city later was dominated by the Hurrians from eastern Anatolia before it became part of the Old Assyrian Empire (2025-1750 BC), after which Arrapha and all of northern Mesopotamia, together with parts of north-eastern Syria and south-eastern Turkey, became a part of Assyria proper.
Part of the new ecology and interconnectivity of ideas is how an American thinker (and founder of social ecology) should influence an ethnic group from the Middle East, an Iranian grouping descended from the Hurrians and Medes of some 35 million people (McKiernan, 2006).
religion, it is difficult to explain why the Hurrians would have
Among them are the gigante Aloeus from Greek mythology, cannibal bapets of Ute folklore in the US, the frost giant Drottr from Norse mythology, Intulo the lizard man of the Zulu in Kwalulu Nata, the Salmon People of the Haida people in the US Pacific Northwest, and the primordial giant Upelleru of the Hittites and Hurrians.
Diyarbakyr is one of the culturally rich gems of the Southeast, with the Tigris River running along the fertile land that has hosted Hurrians, Hittites, Assyrians, Armenians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans.
War was a permanent condition, as Egyptians, Hurrians, Mitanni, and Hittites wrestled for hegemony over the region; a hegemony that largely depended on control of Syria and Canaan.
Tell Brak was the Capital of Hurrians after the end of Acadian Empire.
We master the Amorites Kassites and Hurrians but also learn the proper presentation of a roasted bird: "loosen the jointsÉattach the legs to the sides with a string.
About 12,000 years ago, hunter-gatherer groups in the area took up agriculture and turned part of this arid area into fertile oases that were later envied by nomadic groups such as Hurrians, Kassites and Guti.
Hittites, Hurrians, Kassites, and others who were then able to sweep away the remnants of Hammurabi's empire and (in the guise of the Hyksos) conquer northern Egypt.
A hodgepodge of ethnicities, the Indo-European tribal groupings of the Palaics, Luwians, and the Hittites themselves as well as Hattics had formed a strange core in the center of Anatolia, but now they had to absorb another people, the Hurrians, who challenged central authority but also often aligned with the ethnically-Hurrian empire of Mitanni.
In the course of their history the Hurrians absorbed a large number of loanwords from the Akkadian, Anatolian, and West Semitic languages, and reciprocated with loans of their own in each of the three cases.