Hurrians


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Hurrians

 

ancient tribes linguistically related to the Urartians. The Hurrians are generally linked with the culture of the Kura-Araks Aeneolithic, which corresponds to the Khirbet-Kerak culture in Syria and Palestine. It is believed that the Hurrians were centered in Transcaucasia. In Syria and Mesopotamia they lived together with the Semites. In the 16th century B.C., they founded the Mitanni state in northern Mesopotamia, which flourished until the 13th century B.C., and exerted a strong influence on the Hittite Kingdom (seeMITANNI). In the first millennium B.C., the Hurrians were scattered along the western, southern, and eastern edges of the Armenian Highland.

Materials for the study of the Hurrian language include an inscription from the city of Urkish by Tisari, believed to be a Hurrian priestess (third millennium B.C.), religious texts from Mari and Babylonia, Akkadian-Hurrian bilingual texts and fragments of a Sumerian-Hurrian dictionary from Ugarit, religious literary texts from Hattusas, and other texts from the second millennium B.C. The Hurrians used various forms of cuneiform writing.

REFERENCES

D’iakonov, I. M. Iazyki drevnei Perednei Asii. Moscow, 1967.
D’iakonov, I. M. Predystoriia armianskogo naroda. Yerevan, 1968.
D’iakonov, I. M. Hurrisch und Urartäisch. Munich, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
20: I have recently argued that Hittite kings did not have personal names and then take "throne names," but rather had a "Hittite" name as king of the Hittites and a Hurrian name as king of Hurrians in Kizzuwatna and Syria.
That it did not actually matter whether or not the sin was really "grave" may be inferred from the fact that in the same lines Hatti is also released from its oaths to the Hurrians because of a mere "sin" (line 32).
a wide geographical area (Egypt, the Levant, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and western Iran), and numerous different cultures and peoples (in particular, Akkadians, Arameans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Elamites, Hittites, Hurrians, Israelites, Persians, Phoenicians, Sumerians, Urartians).
Salvini, "Un nouveau vocabulaire trilingue sumerien-akkadien-hourrite de Ras Shamra," in Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians, vol.
The second section of the volume is devoted to Hurrians and Elamites.
Further, many characteristic elements, such as the presence of specific priests, the use of distinctive objects, and the performance of particular cultic acts must certainly have influenced the Hurrians, as could be deduced especially from Kizzuwatna rituals.
Canaanites and Hurrians went to Deir el-Medineh in Egypt to settle and work on the construction of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings.
Diyarbakyr is one of the culturally rich gems of the Southeast, with the Tigris River running along the fertile land that has hosted Hurrians, Hittites, Assyrians, Armenians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans.
Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians, vol.
War was a permanent condition, as Egyptians, Hurrians, Mitanni, and Hittites wrestled for hegemony over the region; a hegemony that largely depended on control of Syria and Canaan.
Tell Brak was the Capital of Hurrians after the end of Acadian Empire.
We may here be encountering those early Caucasian-speaking groups mentioned in later written sources as Hurrians, who rose to power in the early second millennium BC in the Mittani state, and paved the way for other Indo-European-speaking groups, among them the Hittites, who according to historical and linguistic knowledge were intruders in Anatolia (Yoffee 1990: 306-8).