Hussars


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Related to Hussars: Cossacks

Hussars

 

an arm of the cavalry. The name “hussar” first appeared in Hungary in 1458 as the name of special cavalry detachments of the court militia. In the 16th century it was borrowed by the Poles as the name for special units of heavy cavalry of the nobility. Regular hussar regiments were formed in France, Austria, and Prussia in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; they were used as light cavalry for activity in the rear and on the flanks of the enemy and for carrying on reconnaissance and pursuit. They maintained their importance until the middle of the 19th century, but by the end of the 19th century the difference between individual arms of the cavalry disappeared, and the name “hussar” was kept in certain armies only for the sake of tradition.

In Russia detached hussar units made up of foreigners were activated in the 17th century on the model of the Polish hussars. At the start of the 18th century small irregular hussar detachments (regiments in 1741–59) were formed of Serbs, Moldavians, Wallachians. and other immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1765, after the elimination of the Ukrainian Sloboda Cossack Host, hussar regiments in settlements were formed from former cossacks. In 1783–84 all hussar regiments were renamed light cavalry and changed into regular troops. The name “hussars” was restored in the 1790’s. In 1825 there were 14 hussar regiments (one-third of the entire cavalry). In 1882 all army hussar regiments were renamed dragoons. In 1907 the name “hussar” regiments was restored, and in 1917 there were two guards hussar regiments and 18 army hussar regiments. The hussars had special uniforms, which included the doloman—a jacket with a stand-up collar and shoulder cords; the mentik—a short jacket with a fur border and fur hat with plume or shako; and the chakchiry—breeches embroidered with cord and low boots. Their weapons included sabers, carbines, and pistols.

References in periodicals archive ?
The First Division teams for the second half of the campaign are Snitterfield, JLM Cavaliers, Colebridge Pasties, Colebridge Bulldogs, Hussars and Shottery A and B, with the other seven teams playing in Division Two.
JLM Hussars progressed in the qualifying round of the knockout competition, at the expense of Henley B.
Retired Army Major Jim Austin said: "The Regimental Association of The Queen's Royal Hussars is shocked and deeply saddened to hear of the tragic death of John Winton.
Sergeant-Major Seth Bond, from Leamington Spa and a member of the 11th Hussars, was wounded on his left arm, head and suffered several slashes to the back.
Also not on the pictures, but just to the right of here, the patch of wasteland on which the Pelaw Hussars also perform in the film is today the site of St Joseph's RC Primary School.
There is also a cannonball from the Balaclava battlefield, the Crimean medals of Lieut Percy Shaw Smith showing the clasps Sebastopol, Inkerman, Balaclava and Alma, and a photograph of Cpl Joseph Malone of the 13th Hussars, who was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery during the Charge of the Light Brigade.
With the window of time closing for Vienna, the walls were about to be breached on September 12 when the vastly outnumbered Christian coalition, led by Polish King Jan III Sobieski and his famous winged hussars, descended Kahlenberg Mountain to engage the Turks in an attempt to lift the siege.
Taking up the story, Snowden, who won the race four times as a jockey, said: "When I first joined the King's Royal Hussars, the corporal in charge of my troop was a fantastic chap called Jordan Wylie, who would take over on the many occasions I was away racing.
However, the real shock result came as struggling Dinas thumped high-fliers Hussars 5-2.
The Anglesey Hussars, who are well known on the island for their charity work, had saddles, bridles and other imitation Napoleonic equipment taken from a lorry outside the chairman's house.
A squadron of the 18th Hussars then moved on up to Pontypridd and were on the streets of Tonypandy the following morning, November 9, where they joined the Metropolitan Police, who had arrived the previous night.