Hussars


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Hussars: Cossacks

Hussars

 

an arm of the cavalry. The name “hussar” first appeared in Hungary in 1458 as the name of special cavalry detachments of the court militia. In the 16th century it was borrowed by the Poles as the name for special units of heavy cavalry of the nobility. Regular hussar regiments were formed in France, Austria, and Prussia in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; they were used as light cavalry for activity in the rear and on the flanks of the enemy and for carrying on reconnaissance and pursuit. They maintained their importance until the middle of the 19th century, but by the end of the 19th century the difference between individual arms of the cavalry disappeared, and the name “hussar” was kept in certain armies only for the sake of tradition.

In Russia detached hussar units made up of foreigners were activated in the 17th century on the model of the Polish hussars. At the start of the 18th century small irregular hussar detachments (regiments in 1741–59) were formed of Serbs, Moldavians, Wallachians. and other immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1765, after the elimination of the Ukrainian Sloboda Cossack Host, hussar regiments in settlements were formed from former cossacks. In 1783–84 all hussar regiments were renamed light cavalry and changed into regular troops. The name “hussars” was restored in the 1790’s. In 1825 there were 14 hussar regiments (one-third of the entire cavalry). In 1882 all army hussar regiments were renamed dragoons. In 1907 the name “hussar” regiments was restored, and in 1917 there were two guards hussar regiments and 18 army hussar regiments. The hussars had special uniforms, which included the doloman—a jacket with a stand-up collar and shoulder cords; the mentik—a short jacket with a fur border and fur hat with plume or shako; and the chakchiry—breeches embroidered with cord and low boots. Their weapons included sabers, carbines, and pistols.

References in periodicals archive ?
Also not on the pictures, but just to the right of here, the patch of wasteland on which the Pelaw Hussars also perform in the film is today the site of St Joseph's RC Primary School.
unites the collections of the antecedent regiments of The Light Dragoons and also tells the continuing story of the Northumberland Hussars since becoming the Command & Support squadron of the Queen's Own Yeomanry.
But even though she returns his love, race and class differences make this quest as impossible as that of becoming a hussar.
Ardkilly Witness races for The Cherry Pickers, a nickname for the King's Royal Hussars dating back to an incident in the Crimean War, and he unites not just two former members of the regiment, but six.
Mission support, consultancy and studies relating to the implementation of the ZAC Cross Hussars, habitat sustainable neighborhood of about 300 homes covering an area of about 7 hectares in the town of Frouard (54390) .
Following the loss of the equipment, the Hussars will not be able to deliver their usual show, which includes horses.
Until the strike finally collapsed in September 1911, the Rhondda would see the various deployment over the year of the 18th Hussars, the Lancashire Fusiliers, the Somerset Light Infantry, the Devonshires, the West Ridings and the Royal Munster Fusiliers.
Its history evolved in three stages: Arts under Laurent from 1954 to 1957, Arts without the hussars from 1957 to 1959, and Arts with Nimier up to May 1961.
He stuck to his 25-pounder gun as all but 90 men in his 107th Regiment of the South Nottinghamshire Hussars were killed.
Lance Corporal Alfred Raymond Hope died in a tank battle at Ecots, south east of Caen in Normandy, on August 18, 1944, while serving with the Kings Royal Irish Hussars.
In Southport, meanwhile, the Lancashire Hussars Living History Team told the story of the Hussars' historic links to Southport.
Lance Laurent, 26, who was a trooper with the Queen's Royal Hussars, Duran Wright, 28, a Lance Corporal with the Royal Logistic Corps, Trave Dyce, 22, a former trooper in the Queen's Royal Hussars and Lemar Loveless, 26, who was arrested six days after he quit the Queen's Royal Hussars, were all sentenced yesterday along with Marshallek, 25, at Woolwich Crown Court.