Husayn ibn Ali

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Husayn ibn Ali

(ĭ`bən ä`lē), 1856–1931, Arab political and religious leader. In 1908 he succeeded as grand sherif of Mecca and thus became ruler of the HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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 under the Ottoman Empire. In World War I, after receiving British assurances that all Arab lands not under French control would be liberated, he began (1916) a successful revolt against the Turks in Arabia and proclaimed himself king of the Hejaz and of all Arabia. Believing that the British had not kept their promises, he refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

Great Britain lent him no support in his struggle with Ibn SaudIbn Saud
(Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud) , c.1880–1953, founder of Saudi Arabia and its first king. His family, with its regular seat at Riyadh in the Nejd, were the traditional leaders of the ultraorthodox Wahhabi movement in Islam.
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, who defeated him in 1924, forcing him to abdicate and renounce his claim to the caliphate. That claim, advanced after the Turkish parliament abolished the Ottoman caliphate in 1924, was based on Husayn's membership in the Hashemite family, a branch of the Quraysh tribe, to which Muhammad the Prophet had belonged. Husayn lived (1924–30) in exile on Cyprus. He died in Amman, the capital of Transjordan (now Jordan). Abdullah IAbdullah I
(Abdullah ibn Husayn) , 1882–1951, king of Jordan (1946–51), b. Mecca; son of Husayn ibn Ali of the Hashemite family. During World War I, Abdullah, with British support, led Arab revolts against Turkish rule.
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 of Jordan and Faisal IFaisal I
or Faysal I
, 1885–1933, king of Iraq (1921–33). The third son of Husayn ibn Ali, sherif of Mecca, he is also called Faisal ibn Husayn. Faisal was educated in Constantinople and later sat in the Ottoman parliament as deputy for Jidda.
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 of Iraq were his sons.

Husayn Ibn Ali

 

Born circa 1854; died June 4, 1931, in Amman. Sharif of the Ottoman territories of Mecca and the Hejaz (1908–16). King of the Hejaz (1916–24). Founder of the Hashimite dynasty.

During World War I, Husayn concluded the McMahon-Husayn Agreement of 1915 with Great Britain. According to the terms of the agreement, Britain pledged to recognize the independence of a future Arab state headed by Husayn. As planned in the agreement, Husain raised a revolt against the Ottoman Empire on June 15, 1916, and proclaimed himself king of the Arabs on November 2. Great Britain, however, had already secretly breached its pledge in the spring of 1916 by signing the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 with France. In accordance with this agreement, Britain and France recognized Husayn as king of only the Hejaz.

In March 1924, Husayn, claiming leadership in the Muslim world, declared himself caliph; the Hejaz, however, was the only Muslim state to recognize him. Striving for hegemony in the Arabian Peninsula, Husayn declared war against ibn Saud, the emir of Nejd. The Nejd-Hejaz War of 1924–25 ended in defeat for Husayn. On Oct. 24, 1924, he abdicated the throne in favor of his eldest son, Ali. After 1925, Husayn lived in Cyprus and Transjordan.

References in periodicals archive ?
The event was held under the patronage of Hussein bin Ali al Hilali, attorney general, in the presence of Sayyid Munthir bin Saif bin Hamad al Busaidi, chairman of Board of Directors of OEF.
Dr Mohammed Hussein Bin Ali Al Hammadi from the Dubai Public Prosecution said that fraud in the sale of vehicles has become one of major areas of concern.
Alawi, Chairman of the Administrative Court, Hussein bin Ali al-Hilali,
Haidar Ahmed Dafa'alla, received in his office Monday the Prosecutor General of the Sultanate of Oman, Osman Hussein bin Ali Al-Hilali, and the accompanying delegation, in presence of the Attorney General, Omer Ahmed Mohamed, and the Deputy Chief Justice, Mahjoub Al-Amin Al-Fekki.
King Abdullah also affirmed that the right of Muslims and Christians in Jerusalem is eternal, saying: "We will continue our historical duty, which dates back to our great grandfather, Sharif Hussein bin Ali, to protect and care for holy sites in Jerusalem.
Prosecutor General Hussein bin Ali Al Hilali inaugurated the launch.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Head of Iran's General Inspectorate Organization Nasser Seraj and Oman's Public Prosecutor Hussein bin Ali al-Hilali in a meeting in Tehran on Wednesday discussed broadening of relations, specially in campaign against financial corruption.
The rationale behind the Arab Revolt was that Arabs not the Ottomans should rule the Arab world, and Sharif and Emir of Mecca at the time Hussein bin Ali hoped to unite Arabs from Syria to Yemen into one Arab state.
Hussein bin Ali Mahdi Al-Shaari was going toward a shop before the evening prayer when he was attacked, his brother, Ali, was quoted as saying.
Manama, Dec 28 (BNA): His Royal Highness Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa today received a number of Yateem's family members, who expressed gratitude to HRH Prime Minister for offering condolences to the family of the deceased, Hussein bin Ali Yateem.
This bloody spectacle is an annual practiceAaAaAeAeAaAeAeA on the Day of Ash the tenth day of the first month in the Islamic calendar, when Shiite MuslimsAaAaAeAeAaAeAeA come together to mourn, with self-inflicted punishment, battlefield death of Imam Hussein bin Ali bin AbuAaAaAeAeAaAeAeA Taleb, a gran of the Prophet Muhammad.
Lieutenant Hussein bin Ali Al-Ramahi, an officer from PACDA's hazardous substances department, said: "Transportation of labour camps is a factor as they could be damaged.