Khutor

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Khutor

 

(hamlet), a rural settlement consisting of one homestead. Such settlements have been known since the most ancient times among many, primarily farming, peoples of Western, Northern, and Eastern Europe, as well as among several peoples of Middle Asia. In the Ukraine and in the Don and Kuban’ regions, settlements of those evicted from villages, or stanitsy (large cossack villages), were called khutory regardless of the number of homesteads. They usually appeared during the opening up of new lands.

With the development of capitalism, the term khutor was used for an isolated farmstead with household buildings and a plot of land in individual use. Khutory were typical of the Baltic region in the 19th and early 20th centuries. During the Stolypin agrarian reforms, wealthy peasants left the communes and settled on khutory. Most of these settlements were eliminated in the USSR during the collectivization of agriculture.