Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley

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Huxley, Sir Andrew Fielding,

1917–2012, British physiologist, educated at University College, London; grandson of Thomas Henry HuxleyHuxley, Thomas Henry,
1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England.
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, half-brother of Sir Julian HuxleyHuxley, Sir Julian Sorell,
1887–1975, English biologist and writer, educated at Oxford; grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, brother of Aldous Huxley, and half-brother of Sir Andrew Huxley. He taught at the Rice Institute, Houston, Tex.
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 and Aldous HuxleyHuxley, Aldous Leonard,
1894–1963, English author; grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, brother of Sir Julian Huxley, and half-brother of Sir Andrew Huxley. Educated at Eton and Oxford, he traveled widely and during the 1920s lived in Italy.
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. He finished his studies at Cambridge after doing operational research for the admiralty during World War II. He was director of studies at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1952 to 1960, when he became professor of physiology at University College, London. From 1984 to 1990 he was master of Trinity College. He also served as president of the Royal Society (1980–85). He and Sir Alan L. HodgkinHodgkin, Sir Alan Lloyd,
1914–98, English biophysicist. For their work in analyzing the electrical and chemical events in nerve-cell discharge, he and Andrew Huxley shared with Sir John Eccles the 1963 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.
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 shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir John Carew EcclesEccles, Sir John Carew
, 1903–97, Australian neurophysiologist. He was educated at the Univ. of Melbourne and at Magdalene College, Oxford. He was director (1937–44) of the Kanematsu Research Institute of Sydney Hospital and taught at the Univ.
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 for analysis of the electrical and chemical events in nerve cell discharge. Huxley and Hodgkin explained how an electrical impulse traveled through a nerve cell; their work, which identified the mechanism as the movement of charged ions, also explained how anesthesia works.
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