Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell

Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell,

1887–1975, English biologist and writer, educated at Oxford; grandson of Thomas Henry HuxleyHuxley, Thomas Henry,
1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England.
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, brother of Aldous HuxleyHuxley, Aldous Leonard,
1894–1963, English author; grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, brother of Sir Julian Huxley, and half-brother of Sir Andrew Huxley. Educated at Eton and Oxford, he traveled widely and during the 1920s lived in Italy.
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, and half-brother of Sir Andrew HuxleyHuxley, Sir Andrew Fielding,
1917–2012, British physiologist, educated at University College, London; grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, half-brother of Sir Julian Huxley and Aldous Huxley.
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. He taught at the Rice Institute, Houston, Tex. (1912–16), at Oxford (1919–25), and at King's College, London (1925–35). During those years and subsequently, as secretary (1935–42) of the Zoological Society of London, he was also president of the National Union of Scientific Workers (1926–29). From 1946 to 1948 he served as the first director-general of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). A gifted exponent of science, his writings include Animal Biology (with J. B. S. Haldane, 1927), Scientific Research and Social Needs (1934), We Europeans (with A. C. Haddon, 1936), The Living Thoughts of Darwin (1939), Man in the Modern World (1947), Heredity, East and West (1949), and Memories (2 vol., 1971 and 1974). Also, he edited T. H. Huxley's Diary of the Voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake (1935), The New Systematics (1940), and The Humanist Frame (1962).


See biography by J. R. Baker (1978).