Considering the utility of the observing procedures for the study of stimulus control, some authors have suggested that observing responses (either ocular or manual) might be especially useful as a supplementary measure for equivalence class research by providing information about the patterns of stimulus control during the conditional discrimination-training and equivalence-test conditions (Dube et al, 2003, 2006; Hamasaki, 2009; Huziwara
, De Souza, & Tomanari, 2016; Perez, Tomanari, & Vaidya, 2015; Steingrimsdottir & Arntzen, 2016).
The empirical possibility that instructions by themselves or their co-occurrence with the stimulus array might have promoted such observing responses needs to be considered, as reported by Huziwara
, Souza and Tomanari's (2016) study on ocular movements in matching-to-sample tasks.
These contextual cues are essentially both physical or spatial and temporal (Gallistel & Gibbon, 2000; Lukoyanov, Pereira, Mesquita, & Andrade, 2002; Ribeiro, Huziwara
, Montagnoli, & de Souza, 2012).
(UFMG), Ines Catao (Hospital da Crianca de Brasilia), Jean Von Hohendorff (iMED, Passo Fundo), Lisiane Bizarro (UFRGS), Livia Moretto (USP), Maria Cicilia de Carvalho Ribas (UFPE), Maria Luisa Mendes Teixeira (Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie), Maria Lyra (UFPE), Marilene Proenca (USP), Rafael Pecly Wolter (UERJ), Roberto Cruz (UFSC), Sonia Regina P.
Mean values were also calculated for TF% asymmetry index according to Huziwara
To avoid the establishment of inadvertent location control, basic research on stimulus equivalence has investigated alternative procedures to the MTS to generate emergent relations, such as simple discrimination procedures (e.g., Canovas, de Souza, & Barros, 2013; Canovas, Debert, & Pilgrim, 2015; Lionello-DeNolf, McIlvane, Canovas, de Souza, & Barros, 2008) and the go/ no-go procedure with compound stimuli (Boldrin, Gusmao, & Debert, 2016; Campos, Debert, Barros, & McIlvane, 2011; Debert, Matos, & McIlvane, 2007; Debert, Huziwara
, Faggiani, de Mathis, & McIlvane, 2009; Grisante et al., 2013; Modenesi & Debert, 2015; Perez, Campos, & Debert, 2009; Silva & Debert, 2017; Vernucio & Debert, 2016).
Velasco, S.M., Huziwara
, E.M., Machado, A., & Tomanari, G.Y.
The mean values were calculated for the total haploid chromosome length (THCL), the longest (L) and the shortest chromosome (S) length, the ratio of the longest to the shortest chromosomes (L/S), the difference between the longest and the shortest chromosomes (L-S), the average chromosome length in the metaphase ([chi]m), the average of centromeric indices and the karyotype asymmetry index TF% (HUZIWARA
, 1956) for each Vitis species.
Na literatura, os estudos sobre os movimentos dos olhos tem auxiliado a investigacao de controle de estimulo (por exemplo, Dube et al., 1999; Dube et al., 2003; Endemann, 2008; Magnusson, 2002; Perez, 2008; Pessoa, Huziwara
, Perez, Endemann, & Tomanari, 2009; Schroeder, 1969a, 1969b, 1970, 1997).
For example, (Huziwara
, Silva, Perez, and Tomanari 2015) used eye-tracking measures to investigate the relationship between fixation time and successive and simultaneous discrimination training.
Pessoa CVBB, Huziwara
E, Perez W, Endemann P, Tomanari GY.
Further, Pessoa, Huziwara
, Perez, Endemann, and Tomanari (2009) found that the time spent on correct comparisons was higher and diminished less during training than the time spent on incorrect alternatives in a simple discrimination task.