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Related to Hyacinthus: Adonis, Narcissus
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of perennial bulbaceous plants of the family Liliaceae (the lily family). The flower scape is up to 40 cm in height. The leaves are bright green, canaliculate, and clustered in the shape of a rosette. The flowers are bell-shaped and have a pleasant scent. They are clustered in a spicate raceme. One species, the common hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis), is well known and grows wild in the western Mediterranean. It is the ancestor of all the varieties of the genus Hyacinthus and has been under cultivation since the beginning of the 15th century. Varieties of this genus are characterized by the different coloration of their flowers, by their size, and by the form and compactness of the scape. Some varieties are double-flowered and some are single-flowered.

In the southern USSR, flowers of the genus Hyacinthus bloom on open ground in March and April; in the central part of the European USSR they bloom in May. Plants of the Hyacinthus genus grow in sunny areas in slightly sandy loam soil permeable to water and air. In preparing the soil, humus (10-15 kg per sq m) and bone meal (80 g per sq m) are added. Flowers of this genus are propagated from bulbs and, less often, from seeds. Bulbs are planted at a depth of 8 to 10 cm, in the southern USSR from October to the beginning of November and in the central part of the country in September. In the central and northern regions the plants are covered with dry leaves and straw in the winter. The cover is removed in the spring. Care of the plants involves watering, supplementary fertilization, and hoeing. After the plants have finished blossoming and their leaves have died, the bulbs are dug up, dried thoroughly in a darkened, ventilated place, cleaned of earth and old husks, and kept in a dry place at 20° to 22° C until the next planting. The plants of this genus are also grown for winter flowers.

The name is derived from the ancient Greek myth of one of Apollo’s favorites, the beautiful youth Hyacinthus. Apollo grew a beautiful flower from the body or blood of Hyacinthus, whom Zephyr, the god of the wind, had killed out of jealousy.


Alferov, V. A., and E. N. Zaitseva. Giatsinty, Moscow, 1963.
Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


beautiful youth, accidentally killed; from his blood sprang flower marked with letters Al, a lament. [Gk. Myth: Howe, 134]
See: Grief
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If, as I am inclined, we were to be symptomatic in an analysis of Gerard's engagement with this small bouquet of Ovidian poetry, then we could say that he proves little troubled by the transformation into flowers of beautiful young men whom a god loves (Hyacinthus), whom a goddess loves (Adonis), and whom a young nymph and even the man himself loves (Narcissus).
5 Odes (Horace) Wilson, John (17c) Odes (Horace and others) Latin-language opera-- Zelenka, Jan Dismas 1723--Sub olea pacis etpalma virtutis conspicua orbi regia Bohemiae Corona, melodrama/opera Mozart, Wolfgang 1767--Apollo et Hyacinthus (Ovid) Stravinsky, Igor 1927--Oedipus Rex, opera-oratorio (Sophocles, in Danielou's Latin translation) Sculthorpe, Peter 1973--Rites of Passage (Latin and Australian aborignal) Birtwistle, Harrison 2000--The Last Supper (English and Latin) Glass, Philip 2009--Kepler (German and Latin) TABLE 2.
Et me Phoebus amat; Phoebo sua semper apud me munera sunt, lauri et suaue rubens hyacinthus. D.
"The University of Salzburg saw the premiere of 'Apollo et Hyacinthus' with the music composed by the 11-year-old Mozart.
On May 13, 1767, Apollo et Hyacinthus premiered as part of the graduation celebrations of Salzburg University, (1) an all-male Catholic school.
Em especies de outros generos, como em Hyacinthus orientalis, a regeneracao e crescimento de bulbilhos diminuiram proporcionalmente com aumento da concentracao de ABA (PIERIK e STEEGMANS, 1975), fato igualmente observado por CHEESMAN et al.
Acropora hyacinthus and Pectinia lactuca embryos were motile at 48 h and 18 h, respectively [27].
Contribution to the knowledge of Polyommatus (Aricia) hyacinthus Herrich-Schaffer, 1847) and the description of a new subspecies (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae).
In reef-building Acropora hyacinthus corals (one shown) from American Samoa's Ofu Island, the activity of hundreds of genes changed when both heat-sensitive and heat-tolerant versions of the corals were switched from 29.2[degrees] Celsius water to 32.9[degrees] water.
The cultivars of Hyacinthus orientalis come in a mass of colours, from white and soft yellow to pink, red and purple.
House Plants, add a splash of colour to your home with a whole range of plants in simple ceramic pots.Choose from Mini Azalea to Saintpaulia Africa Violet, Begonia, Chrysanthemum Kalanchee or a selection of Spring bulbs such as Narcissus, Crocus, Tulip, Hyacinthus Orientalis or Musari.
pounds 1.99 Choose from Mini Azalea to Saintpaulia Africa Violet, Begonia, Chrysanthemum Kalanchee or a selection of Spring bulbs such as Narcissus, Crocus, Tulip, Hyacinthus Orientalis or Musari.