Roe v. Wade

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Roe v. Wade,

case decided in 1973 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Along with Doe v. Bolton, this decision legalized abortionabortion,
expulsion of the products of conception before the embryo or fetus is viable. Any interruption of human pregnancy prior to the 28th week is known as abortion. The term spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, is used to signify delivery of a nonviable embryo or fetus due
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 in the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision, written by Justice Harry Blackmun and based on the residual right of privacy, struck down dozens of state antiabortion statutes. The decision was based on two cases, that of an unmarried woman from Texas, where abortion was illegal unless the mother's life was at risk, and that of a poor, married mother of three from Georgia, where state law required permission for an abortion from a panel of doctors and hospital officials. While establishing the right to an abortion, this decision gave states the right to intervene in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy to protect the woman and the "potential" life of the unborn child. Denounced by the National Council of Bishops, the decision gave rise to a vocal antiabortion movement that put pressure on the courts and created an anti-Roe litmus test for the judicial appointments of the Reagan and Bush administrations (1981–93). In a 1989 case, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, the court, while not striking down Roe, limited its scope, permitting states greater latitude in regulating and restricting abortions. Then in 1992, in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the court reaffirmed the abortion rights granted in Roe v. Wade, while permitting further restrictions.

Bibliography

See N. McCorvey with A. Meisler, I Am Roe (1994); N. E. H. Hull and P. C. Hoffer, Roe v. Wade: The Abortion Rights Controversy in American History (2001, rev. ed. 2010).

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References in periodicals archive ?
From a 3,000-foot view, it will present natural and moral law arguments for codifying the Hyde Amendment in the Affordable Care Act.
Still, the anti-abortion movement did see setbacks after Congress didn't permanently write into law the Hyde Amendment, which bans federal funds from being used to pay for abortions if the mother's life is not at risk.
As Democrats we must continue to work to end abortion bans and the Hyde Amendment. Likewise, we must fight to preserve abortion access for the most common abortion experiences, such as women who are not ready to be parents, and not only tragic cases.
In addition to improved Title X funding, the coalition called for keeping the structure of Medicaid to protect enrollees and providers; contining funding for the Title V Maternal and Child Health Block Grant, with no cuts or eliminations of other maternal-child health programs as a trade-off; protecting other federal block grants; providing full funding for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention; preventing cuts to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children; and excluding the Hyde Amendment, which blocks Medicaid recipients from using their coverage for abortion care, as well as other harmful policy riders.
Of course, the first real shift was in 1976, when Congress first passed the Hyde Amendment, which prohibits Federal Medicaid dollars from funding poor women's abortions.
7, which would make permanent the Hyde Amendment and deny our most disadvantaged women access to abortion."
House passage of a bill making the 41-year-old Hyde Amendment permanent puts the country "one step closer to getting the federal government out of the business of paying for abortion once and for all," said the president of National Right to Life.
September 30, 2016 marked a grim 40th anniversary for abortion access in the United States: On that day in 1976, Congress first passed the Hyde Amendment (named for the late Rep.
And they hate that the bill includes the Hyde amendment, banning federal funding for abortions.
One of the clearest examples of this is the Hyde amendment, signed into law each year by Congress since 1976--my entire lifetime.
restrictions because it upheld the Hyde Amendment's restriction on
Bur he's not afraid to compromise: In 1993, abortion-rights supporters tried to repeal the Hyde Amendment, which bans Medicaid funding for abortion.