Hydrastis


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hydrastis

 

a genus of herbaceous perennial plants of the family Ranunculaceae, sometimes classified in the family Hydrastis. There are two species in the eastern part of North America and in East Asia. Orange root, or golden seal (H. canadensis), is a North American medicinal plant, cultivated in the central part of European USSR and in the Ukraine. When broken, the rhizome is golden yellow; externally, it has traces of dead stems that look like seals. The stem reaches 30 cm. The flowers are single, with a calycine perianth of three greenish white bracts, and there are numerous stamens and pistils. The fruit is red and berry-like. The rhizome contains such alkaloids as hydrastine and berberine, which are used as styptics.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hydrastis canadensis showed tumorogenic properties in an animal study utilizing male and female mice and rats [11] which is in line to this research in which it showed to be the most toxic plant of all the extracts tested.
Harvest recovery of goldenseal, Hydrastis canadensis L.
INCI: Origanum vulgare leaf extract, thymus vulgaris (thyme) extract, cinnamomum zeylancum bark extract, rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) leaf extract, lavandula angustifolia (lavender) flower extract, hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) root extract
One of the herbs Reeleder is studying is goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis L.).
This is the problem Federal and State agencies face in trying to maintain the viability of wild goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis).
Goldenseal (Hydrastis Canadensis) is a native herb which was used extensively by North American Indians as a tonic and other healing purposes, an insect repellent and a yellow dye.
As its cover article, issue 119 of the American Botanical Council's (ABC's) quarterly, peer-reviewed scientific journal Herbal-Gram features a comprehensive, 16-page article about the conservation status of goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis, Ranunculaceae).
Berberine, an orangish-yellow alkaloid found at high levels in the bark and root structures of plants including Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium), goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), barberry (Berberis vulgaris), and Chinese goldthread (Coptis chinensis), has a broad and wide history of use.
It is isolated from traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Coptis chinensis, and Hydrastis canadensis [72].
* Golden seal (Hydrastis canadensis) interacts with laxatives and can oppose their diarrhoeal effects leading to further constipation and gastrointestinal upsets (10)
Antibacterial activity and alkaloid content of Berberis thunbergii, Berberis vulgaris and Hydrastis canadensis..