plaster

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plaster

1. Brit, Austral, and NZ an adhesive strip of material, usually medicated, for dressing a cut, wound, etc.

Plaster

A mixture of lime or gypsum, sand, Portland cement and water to produce a paste-like material which can be applied to the surfaces of walls and ceilings and which later sets to form a hard surface.

daubing

A rough coating of plaster given to a wall by throwing plaster against it.

intonaco

The fine finish coat of plaster made with white marble dust to receive a fresco painting.

pargetting

A decorative feature in which flat wet plaster is ornamented by patterns either scratched or molded into it; sometimes decorated with figures either in low relief or indented.

rendering

A coat of plaster applied directly to an interior wall or stucco on an exterior wall; a perspective or elevation drawing of a project or portion thereof with artistic delineation of materials, shades, and shadows.

scagliola

Plaster work that imitates stone, in which mixtures of marble dust, sizing, and various pigments are laid in decorative figures routed into the surface.

shikkui

A plaster, mortar, stucco, or whitewash, made from a mixture of lime and clay and having the consistency of glue, used in traditional Japanese construction.

Plaster

 

a medicinal form in which substances are supplied for external application. Plasters melt or soften at body temperature and consist of such pliable substances as wax, paraffin, rosin, and rubber; sometimes medicines are added. Some plasters are used to protect the skin from external irritants or to hold bandages in place. Others have a specific therapeutic purpose; for example, keratolytic plasters are used to treat corns, lead plasters are used to treat furuncles and carbuncles, bactericidal plasters are used for purulent wounds, and pepper plasters are used in the treatment of such conditions as radiculitis and neuralgia. Plasters also include various adhesives that evaporate to form an elastic film on the skin, for example, collodion, Kleol, and the glue BF-6.

plaster

[′plas·tər]
(materials)
A plastic mixture of various materials, such as lime or gypsum, and water which sets to a hard, coherent solid.

Plaster

A plastic mixture of solids and water which sets to a hard, coherent solid and which is used to line the interiors of buildings. A similar material of different composition, used to line the exteriors of buildings, is known as stucco. The term plaster is also used in the industry to designate plaster of paris.

Plaster is usually applied in one or more base (rough or scratch) coats up to ¾ in. (1.9 cm) thick, and also in a smooth, white, finish coat about &frac116; in. (0.16 cm) thick. The solids in the base coats are hydrated (or slaked) lime, sand, fiber or hair (for bonding), and portland cement (the last may be omitted in some plasters). The finish coat consists of hydrated lime and gypsum plaster (in addition to the water). See Mortar

plaster

Usually a mixture of gypsum or lime with sand and water, producing a paste-like material that is applied in the plastic state, usually over lath fastened to a surface such as a wall or ceiling, or sometimes directly onto brick; it forms a hard surface when the water it contains evaporates. In some remote early settlements, when lime or gypsum was not available, a so-called plaster of fine white clay mixed with chopped straw was sometimes troweled onto a surface to produce a smooth finish on a wall or ceiling. Cow hair, cow dung, and/or chopped straw often was added to the plaster mixture to increase its mechanical strength when it dried. Gypsum later supplanted lime as the plaster of choice because of its superior properties. Also See mud plaster, ornamental plaster, plaster of paris, and stucco.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also showing at the Jacobs will be Portland artist David Reager, who also makes wall-mounted assmeblages from Hydrocal and other materials.
Leaning Figure, 2010, is a Hydrocal blob slumping heavily against the wall and cradling two oddly shaped ceramics in the hollow of its "collarbone.
Emess owns a hydrocal lamp factory, warehouses and offices in Ellwood City.
While the white Hydrocal or wallboard sometimes suggest soap, other materials used--plastic, plaster, slate, hardwood, and ivory--are not so easily tamed, and surface markings convey the struggle involved in shaping them.
Replacement shades, basic brass, hydrocal and other segments are also represented.
Cast in rubber molds, much like plaster or hydrocal, Terra Fina is strong, durable, impervious to UV radiation, intense heat, water and ice, and is non-conductive to electricity or heat, making it an ideal material for interior applications, such as the wet environment in a bathroom.
Some of the goods will be made in factories in China and Hong Kong; others, in the company's hydrocal manufacturing and finishing plant and assembly facility in Arkansas.
We're making sure every classification is represented; iron, hydrocal, Tiffany, brass, crystal, chrome, desk.
On the Cresswell side, new occasional furniture in hydrocal and iron that coordinates with lighting and accessories rounded out the assortment.
Mastercraft/Elite Lamp & Shade has enlarged its position as a full-line supplier, integrating the presentation of its imported and domestic lamps, hydrocal decorative accessories, artificial florals and upholstered furniture, to give retailers the total package.
Artmaster Studios will unveil a masterpiece series of reproductions of masters' artwork - Renoir and Monet among them - in 6-inch frames; in rich colors, beautifully framed for retail from $250 to $399; Charlie Piper has designed metallic lamp finishes, new transitional lamps; the Bellagio collection combines iron and hydrocal in amethyst, in several finishes, including bronze and warm silver.
The line complements Cresswell Lighting, which manufactures stylish mid-to-upper range lamps and accessories of hydrocal, wood, iron and other materials and has very similar retail distribution.