aliphatic compound

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aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
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, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
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 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
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 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
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; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
This fuel hydrocarbon chain showed small to little heavier because GC/MS analysis result hydrocarbon chain showed C3 to C15.
The syngas is then converted into longer and longer hydrocarbon chains using the FT process.
Thus, we propose that the mechanisms of the inhibition of oxygen permeability and surface tension have to be different for soluble, short hydrocarbon chain surfactants, whereas the gas permeability is already inhibited in the micromole concentration range.
These ionic bonds exhibit both good heat aged stability and the ability to slip along the hydrocarbon chain, even break and reform.
The UAE is committed to look for greater energy efficiency to lessen their carbon footprint and remain dedicated to investing across the entire hydrocarbon chain," Al Hamili said in his speech read by Al Yabhouni.
The Rosen/Liu paper, entitled "Mechanism of the Enhanced Spreading of Some Mixtures of Anionic and Cationic Hydrocarbon Chain Surfactants on a Highly Hydrophobic Polyethylene Surface," was published in April.
The scientists placed small quantities of formic acid, iron sulfide, and nonyl thiol--a long hydrocarbon chain that ends with a hydrogen-sulfur group--in a welded gold tube and heated the mixture to 250 [degrees] C at elevated pressures for 6 hours.
As is typical, one group on the silicon is a hydrocarbon chain capable of binding with the polymer during vulcanization.
This has been explained as to the lower elongation of the blend ionomers because of the presence of ionic clusters in the hydrocarbon chain.
Because its hydrocarbon chain is twice that of ethanol, it is more similar to gasoline than it is to ethanol and thus constitutes a superior fuel.
The cooperation will be in the field of exchanging expertise and knowledge in various segments of the hydrocarbon chain, mainly in the domain of research and development.
Specially designed "tubes" that meet the specific frequency and power requirements to crack the hydrocarbon chain in the feedstock that is being tested are in the process of being acquired, the Company currently has two of these units on site.