aliphatic compound

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aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
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, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
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 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
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 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
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; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 (C-1) of hydrocarbon chain identified the site of attachment of sugar moiety.
This has been explained as to the lower elongation of the blend ionomers because of the presence of ionic clusters in the hydrocarbon chain.
Because its hydrocarbon chain is twice that of ethanol, it is more similar to gasoline than it is to ethanol and thus constitutes a superior fuel.
Saitta and his colleagues modeled the physical behavior of a knotted hydrocarbon chain, representing a portion of a polyethylene molecule.
Ionic bonds exhibit both good heat aged stability and the ability to slip along the hydrocarbon chain and reform.
Today the facility develops many high-performance products, including catalysts used by petroleum refiners that help "crack" the hydrocarbon chain in distilled crude oil to produce transportation fuels, and additives used to reduce sulfur in gasoline and reduce emissions.
The functional group is designed to be polar, while the hydrocarbon chain is neutral.
The inclusion of biodiesel and biofuels production will add to the hydrocarbon chain on Jurong Island.
The cooperation will be in the field of exchanging expertise and knowledge in various segments of the hydrocarbon chain, mainly in the domain of research and development.
Only trace water molecules can be detected in testing and analysis, and it appears the balance of the water is incorporated in the hydrocarbon chain.
These hydrocarbon chains are then processed over catalysts such as nickel or iron.
From such studies using a variety of biophysical methods, it has been shown that alpha-tocopherol intercalates into phospholipid bilayers with the long axis of the molecule oriented parallel to the lipid hydrocarbon chains.