Hydrocele


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Related to Hydrocele: hernia, varicocele

hydrocele

[′hī·drə‚sēl]
(medicine)
Accumulation of fluid in the membranes surrounding the testis.

Hydrocele

 

testicular edema; an accumulation of serous fluid in the tunica vaginalis testis that occurs as the result of difficulty in discharging the fluids through the lymphatic vessels.

Hydrocele may be congenital or it may appear with inflammatory diseases of the testis (orchitis), its adnexa (epi-didymitis), or the spermatic cord, or with injuries or neoplasms. The development of hydrocele is also fostered by inguinal hernias and dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord. Treatment for acute hydrocele not accompanied by severe pain and rise in body temperature consists of the elimination of the primary disease; surgical intervention is indicated in cases of chronic hydrocele.

References in periodicals archive ?
In this paper, we present a patient with huge hydrocele clinically mimicking pyo-/hemato-/hydrocele who was determined to have a malignant hydrocele secondary to paratesticular metastasis originating from prostate adenocarcinoma.
Lymphatics in the parietal layer of the sac, as there are no or few lymphatics in the subserosa over the testis and any hindrance with this normal mechanism either in the form of increased production or decreased absorption leads to the formation of hydrocele.
Babies between the ages of 3 weeks to 1 year with permission of parents to participate were included in the study whereas babies with hypospadias, chordee, epispadias, webbed penis, microphallus, hidden penis secondary to a large hydrocele or hernia and deranged bleeding or clotting profile were excluded.
On the other hand, sap from leaf stalk of Calotropis gigantea was used to treat hydrocele in children (an instance of single plant part - single disease).
Acute epididymitis * Epididymo-orchitis * Hydrocele * Hematocele * Scrotal hematoma * Trauma to inguinoscrotal region
Advise and provide reassurance regarding less serious surgical causes such as hydrocele and umbilical hernia
Microfilaria have been detected in cervicovaginal smears [6], endometrial smears [7], nipple secretions [8], ovarian cyst fluid [6], breast aspirates [9], hydrocele fluid [10], epididymal aspirates [11], urine samples [12], lung aspirates [13], pleural fluid [14], bronchial washings [6], ascitic fluid [15], intra-operative peritoneal fluid [16], lymph node aspirates [17,18], thyroid aspirates [19], salivary gland aspirates [20], bronchial brushings [21], laryngeal and pharyngeal brushings [22], gastric brushings [23], pericardial fluid [24], cutaneous nodule [25], soft tissue nodule [26], oral and skin ulcers [27], bone marrow aspirates [28], brain aspirates [29], joint aspirates [30], fine needle aspirates [31], esophageal stricture [32] and breast aspirates [33,34].
A similar scheme can be applied to the pericardium and hydroceles, and sometimes to the peritoneum, but orientation is frequently difficult in the peritoneum and there is much less tendency to end up with a thick fibrous peritoneum than a thick pleura, pericardium, or hydrocele.
The majority of patients present with a hydrocele and some patients present with a testicular tumour.
Some people associated hydroceles specifically with mosquito bites, but they do not protect themselves from bites to avoid hydrocele people generally knew that mosquitoes transmitted malaria, but not filariasis.