In this paper, we present a patient with huge hydrocele
clinically mimicking pyo-/hemato-/hydrocele
who was determined to have a malignant hydrocele
secondary to paratesticular metastasis originating from prostate adenocarcinoma.
Lymphatics in the parietal layer of the sac, as there are no or few lymphatics in the subserosa over the testis and any hindrance with this normal mechanism either in the form of increased production or decreased absorption leads to the formation of hydrocele
Babies between the ages of 3 weeks to 1 year with permission of parents to participate were included in the study whereas babies with hypospadias, chordee, epispadias, webbed penis, microphallus, hidden penis secondary to a large hydrocele
or hernia and deranged bleeding or clotting profile were excluded.
On the other hand, sap from leaf stalk of Calotropis gigantea was used to treat hydrocele
in children (an instance of single plant part - single disease).
Acute epididymitis * Epididymo-orchitis * Hydrocele
* Hematocele * Scrotal hematoma * Trauma to inguinoscrotal region
The patient had no additional abnormal findings, such as hernia, hydrocele
, or lymphadenopathy.
Advise and provide reassurance regarding less serious surgical causes such as hydrocele
and umbilical hernia
Microfilaria have been detected in cervicovaginal smears , endometrial smears , nipple secretions , ovarian cyst fluid , breast aspirates , hydrocele
fluid , epididymal aspirates , urine samples , lung aspirates , pleural fluid , bronchial washings , ascitic fluid , intra-operative peritoneal fluid , lymph node aspirates [17,18], thyroid aspirates , salivary gland aspirates , bronchial brushings , laryngeal and pharyngeal brushings , gastric brushings , pericardial fluid , cutaneous nodule , soft tissue nodule , oral and skin ulcers , bone marrow aspirates , brain aspirates , joint aspirates , fine needle aspirates , esophageal stricture  and breast aspirates [33,34].
A similar scheme can be applied to the pericardium and hydroceles
, and sometimes to the peritoneum, but orientation is frequently difficult in the peritoneum and there is much less tendency to end up with a thick fibrous peritoneum than a thick pleura, pericardium, or hydrocele
The majority of patients present with a hydrocele
and some patients present with a testicular tumour.
Some people associated hydroceles
specifically with mosquito bites, but they do not protect themselves from bites to avoid hydrocele
people generally knew that mosquitoes transmitted malaria, but not filariasis.