Hydrocele


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Related to Hydrocele: hernia, varicocele

hydrocele

[′hī·drə‚sēl]
(medicine)
Accumulation of fluid in the membranes surrounding the testis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hydrocele

 

testicular edema; an accumulation of serous fluid in the tunica vaginalis testis that occurs as the result of difficulty in discharging the fluids through the lymphatic vessels.

Hydrocele may be congenital or it may appear with inflammatory diseases of the testis (orchitis), its adnexa (epi-didymitis), or the spermatic cord, or with injuries or neoplasms. The development of hydrocele is also fostered by inguinal hernias and dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord. Treatment for acute hydrocele not accompanied by severe pain and rise in body temperature consists of the elimination of the primary disease; surgical intervention is indicated in cases of chronic hydrocele.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bhuneshwar Yadav, a resident of Punakala village claimed that he had come for Hydrocele surgery, but without any prior notice, a surgeon operated his leg and also inserted a rod in it.
(3) have reported that hydrocele could be seen in TB epididymitis, ITE-hydrocele coexistence has been highlighted in only a few case reports (5).
Is two-port laparoendoscopic singlesite surgery (T-LESS) feasible for pediatric hydroceles? Singlecenter experience with the initial 59 cases.
Secondary hydrocele, haematocele and pyocele had a more acute presentation since these were often associated with pain and constitutional symptoms which prompted patients to seek medical advice early.
Postoperative complications (wound infection, recurrence, hydrocele, testicular atrophy) compared between the 2 groups.
Variables Patients, n Percentage, % Age, months 2-24 80 40.0 24-48 72 36.0 48-72 38 19.0 72-120 10 5.0 Sex Male 158 79.0 Female 42 21.0 Side Right 136 68.0 Left 64 32.0 Clinical manifestation Intermittent groin swelling 138 69.0 Constant groin swelling 62 31.0 Associated congenital anomalies Umbilical hernia 14 7.0 Undescended testicle 4 2.0 Hydrocele 14 7.0 None 168 84.0 Table 2: Laparoscopic port of entry and the clinical side of inguinal hernia.
A hydrocele appears as a painless, fluid-filled scrotal enlargement.
Although the etiology is unknown, a history of trauma, surgery, infection, and inflammatory hydrocele is suggested to be associated with the development of a disease.
Other differential diagnoses include other paratesticular lesions such as spermatocele, hydrocele, varicocele, polyorchidism, intratesticular simple cyst, and tumors of the spermatic cord such as lipoma and leiomyoma.
A 14-month-old boy who had been diagnosed with a hydrocele in the right spermatic cord was referred to our department from the outpatient clinic with a right swollen scrotum.
The following groups were characterized: (1) control (4 cases): symptomless individuals from which living AWs nonsensitive to antifilarial treatment were removed [17-20]; (2) patients with dead AWs in the PL (1 case); (3) acute filarial hydrocele (3 cases): patients with fluid accumulation in the tunica vaginalis cavity which appears within a few days after a nodule formation and resolves spontaneously up to 18 months [11]; (4) filaricele (20 cases): patients with chronic accumulation in the tunica vaginalis cavity of fluid composed of a combination, in different proportion, of transudate and nonmilky lymph from ruptured dilated lymphatic vessels [12].
Hydrocele. Pressure of pain from fluid accumulated around the testicle is a hydrocele.